Benicar is used for treating high blood pressure, alone or with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Olmesartan.
Benicar is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It works by inhibiting the action of a chemical transmitter (angiotensin II) and allowing the blood vessels to dilate (widen) and the kidneys to eliminate extra sodium and fluids. These actions combine to help lower blood pressure.
Generic name of Benicar is Olmesartan.
Benicar is also known as Olmesartan, Olmetec, Olmezest, Olmecip.
Brand name of Benicar is Benicar.
Take Benicar orally with or without food.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.
If you overdose Benicar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store your medicine at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children and in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Benicar are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Benicar if you are allergic to Benicar components.
Do not take Benicar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.
Avoid machine driving.
Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment.
Be careful if you use salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.
Do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.
benicar 20 mg
At baseline, mean ambulatory BP was 151.2 ± 12.7/87.6 ± 9.0 mmHg during the daytime and 140.3 ± 13.1/78.1 ± 8.6 mmHg during the nighttime. Mean daytime and nighttime ambulatory BP was reduced from baseline by 22.3 ± 13.7/12.0 ± 8.9 mmHg and 18.8 ± 12.4/ 10.2 ± 7.2 mmHg, respectively. The reduction in daytime ambulatory SBP was 24.4 ± 11.8 mmHg in Blacks, 21.7 ± 14.2 mmHg in non-Blacks, 23.6 ± 12.3 mmHg in females, 21.2 ± 14.8 mmHg in males, 23.4 ± 11.6 mmHg in patients aged ≥65 years, and 21.9 ± 14.4 mmHg in those aged <65 years. Ambulatory BP targets of <130/80, <125/75, and <120/80 mmHg were reached by 51.7%, 36.0%, and 32.6% of patients during the daytime and 69.8%, 60.5%, and 50.6% of patients during the nighttime. After 12 weeks of treatment, 36.4% of baseline nondippers converted to dippers.
Treatment with OM/AM/HCTZ achieved superior (SBP) ABPM reductions compared with mono, dual or triple drug therapy, resulting in all patients achieving systolic ABPM goal without ABPM documented hypotension.
benicar 10 mg
Increased cardiovascular mortality is an unresolved problem in patients with chronic renal failure. Cardiac hypertrophy is observed in the majority of patients with chronic renal failure undergoing haemodialysis. However, the mechanisms, including signal transduction pathways, responsible for cardiac hypertrophy in renal failure remain unknown. We examined the subcellular localization of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms and phosphorylation activities of 3 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase families in hypertrophied hearts of progressive renal injury rat model by subtotal nephrectomy (SNx). We also examined the effects of a novel angiotensin II type-1 receptor antagonist, CS-866, on the PKC translocation, MAP kinase activity and cardiac hypertrophy in SNx rats. The left ventricle/body weight ratios were significantly larger in SNx rats than in sham rats at 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery. The translocation of PKCalpha and epsilon isoforms to membranous fraction was observed in SNx rat hearts at 1, 2, and 4 weeks after surgery. Activation of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, but not p38 MAP kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), was observed at 1 and 2 weeks after surgery. Angiotensin II receptor blockade with CS-866 (1 mg kg-1 day-1) prevented cardiac hypertrophy, PKC translocation and ERK1/2 activation in SNx rats without significant changes in blood pressure. These data suggest that PKC and ERK1/2 are activated by an angiotensin II receptor-mediated pathway and might play an important role in the progression of cardiac hypertrophy in renal failure.
benicar 20mg medication
The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of volume overload on cardiac gene expression and the possible role of angiotensin AT1 receptor in such expression. Cardiac volume overload was prepared by abdominal aortocaval shunt in rats. Rats with aortocaval shunt were treated with 1) vehicle, 2) an angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist, CS-866 (10 mg/kg/d), or 3) an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, temocapril (10 mg/kg/d), for 7 days. Cardiac tissue mRNA was measured by Northern blot analysis with specific probes. Aortocaval shunt not only caused cardiac hypertrophy but also upregulated the gene expression of atrial natriuretic polypeptide, collagen III, and downregulated Ca(2+)-ATPase expression in the left ventricle. These changes were prevented by treatment with CS-866, while temocapril failed to normalize left ventricular Ca(2+)-ATPase expression. Unlike the left ventricle, the significant downregulation of alpha-myosin heavy chain and transforming growth factor-beta 3 by aortocaval shunt was observed in the right ventricle, and CS-866 normalized this decreased expression of transforming growth factor-beta 3. The left and right atria showed increased expression of collagen type I as well as of collagen type III and atrial natriuretic polypeptide, and these increases were more effectively prevented by CS-866 than by temocapril. Thus, the effects of cardiac volume overload on cardiac performance-related gene expression differ between the ventricles and atria. Our results suggest that AT1 receptor partially contributed to volume overload-induced changes in cardiac gene expression and that AT1 receptor antagonists and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have different effects in this model of cardiac hypertrophy.
benicar generic brand
Morin showed the highest Peff value 13.8 ± 0.34 × 10(-6 )cm/s in jejunum than ileum (p < .01) at 100 µM with absorption enhancement of 1.31-fold together with enhanced (p < .01) secretory transport of 6.27 ± 0.27 × 10 (-6 )cm/s in Caco-2 monolayer cells. Our findings noticed 2.37 (in-situ); 2.39 (in-vivo) and 1.43 (in-situ); 1.36 (in-vivo) fold increase in AUC0-t with elevated Cmax and shortened Tmax for freeze-dried solid dispersion in the presence of morin as compared to pure OLM and freeze-dried solid dispersions without morin, respectively.
In elderly patients with ISH, the mean reduction in SBP produced by olmesartan is similar to that produced by nitrendipine.
Biomarkers are being increasingly used in the study of cardiovascular disease because they provide readily quantifiable surrogate endpoints and allow accurate assessment of the effects of therapy on particular pathological processes. However, in order to be useful, biomarkers must be relevant, predictable, accurate, and reproducible. There is compelling evidence from large-scale clinical trials that inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system [angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin type II receptor blockers (ARBs)] and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may have beneficial effects beyond blood pressure control in the treatment of hypertension. Biomarkers are expected to provide further insight into these beneficial effects and allow for quantitative assessment. This review summarizes the published clinical evidence on the effects of various antihypertensive drugs, particularly ARBs (e.g. losartan and olmesartan medoxomil) and CCBs (e.g. amlodipine), alone and in combination with other agents (e.g. hydrochlorothiazide), on central aortic pressure and the biomarkers high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), adiponectin, cystatin C, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), procollagen, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6. Of these biomarkers, the benefits of antihypertensive therapy on hsCRP, adiponectin, and HOMA-IR reflect a potential for quantifiable long-term vascular benefits.
At the doses tested, olmesartan medoxomil o.d. is as effective as atenolol, and more effective than both losartan and captopril in reducing blood pressure in the hypertensive population.
benicar dosage sizes
Administration of L-NAME for 7 days significantly increased superoxide anion (O2-) and both immunoreactivity and electrophoretically demonstrable activity of redox-sensitive transcription factors (NF-kappaB and AP-1). Treatment with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist prevented all of the above changes. The observed effects of the type 1 receptor antagonist was independent of the L-NAME-induced arterial hypertension.
generic benicar canada
Twenty-one healthy male subjects (mean age, 21 years [range, 18-25 years]; weight, 62.1 kg [range, 54.0-80.0 kg]) were enrolled in and completed the study. No period or sequence effect was observed. The mean AUC(0-∞) values for the test tablet, test capsule, and reference tablet were 3993 (1070), 3567 (850), and 3849 (872) ng/mL/h, respectively. The 90% CIs for the log-transformed ratios of test tablet to reference tablet for C(max), AUC(0-48), and AUC(0-∞) were 103.9 to 124.9, 94.0 to 111.5, and 94.4 to 111.7, respectively (all, P = NS). The corresponding 90% CIs for the log-transformed ratios of test capsule to reference tablet were 90.8 to 109.2, 84.9 to 107.9, and 85.1 to 100.7 (all, P = NS). Ten adverse events were reported during the study; 7 subjects complained of pain during blood sampling, and 3 had a blocked venous catheter. No treatment-related adverse events were reported or observed.
benicar recommended dosage
In total, 692 patients entered the open-label phase (691 on olmesartan/amlodipine 40/5 mg). The majority of patients remained on olmesartan/amlodipine 40/5 mg without dose elevation, and, of these, 74.3% achieved goal BP at study completion or early termination. Additional patients achieved goal BP with each successive uptitration of therapy: in patients who finished the study on olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg and olmesartan/amlodipine/HCTZ 40/10/12.5 mg, the respective proportions who reached goal BP were 59.0% and 47.1%. Overall, 66.9% of patients achieved the European guideline recommended goal BP of SBP <140 mmHg and DBP <90 mmHg for patients without diabetes mellitus, and SBP <130 mmHg and DBP <80 mmHg for patients with diabetes. Treatment was generally well tolerated, with no unexpected safety concerns.
benicar dosage range
At the recommended dose of 80 mg once daily, azilsartan is reported to be an efficacious BP-lowering agent. With once-daily dosing and a favorable side-effect profile, azilsartan is an attractive option for the treatment of hypertension. There is a lack of data supporting the use of azilsartan for improvement in cardiovascular outcomes; therefore, azilsartan is not approved for indications other than the treatment of hypertension.
benicar 25 mg
The aim of the present work was to review published studies investigating the dose-related efficacy on blood pressure (BP) of olmesartan and of other commercially available angiotensin II type I receptor blockers (ARBs). Patient population comprises mild to moderate hypertensive adult patients. We selected studies with comparable design and dose ranges. Dose-effect relationship plots were fitted for diastolic (DBP) and systolic (SBP) BP to the simplified E(max) model. We also examined controlled studies of olmesartan vs. other individual ARBs. Our overview was based on 7280 patients, of which 5769 received an ARB and 1511 received placebo. Except for losartan, the data fitted correctly to the E(max) model, with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.77 to 0.99. BP-lowering efficacy defined as E(max) was superior with olmesartan, (DBP/SBP mmHg: -9.0/-12.4) when compared with candesartan (-6.7/-11.3), irbesartan (-6.5/-11.2) and valsartan (-6.3/-8.9). Head-to-head comparisons of olmesartan to each of the other ARBs used at per-label 'recommended doses', support the finding of a greater BP-lowering effect of olmesartan. This overview suggests that clinically relevant differences in maximal efficacy, as well as in efficacy of per-label recommended doses can be evidenced among individual ARBs. Olmesartan efficacy was consistently at the highest end of the range of efficacy of ARBs studied.
benicar hct reviews
Each triple combination produced significantly greater reductions in seated systolic/diastolic BP and higher BP control rates than the two-drug combinations. Subgroup analyses showed that BP reductions and control rates with the three-drug combinations were unaffected by age, gender, race, and hypertension severity (VAL/AML/HCTZ and OLM/AML/HCTZ), and that efficacy was maintained for up to 52 weeks (OLM/AML/HCTZ). OLM/AML/HCTZ and VAL/AML/HCTZ also produced significantly larger reductions in ambulatory systolic and diastolic BP over 24 hours, the daytime, and nighttime compared with two-drug combinations. Adverse events were mainly of mild or moderate intensity and each threedrug combination was well tolerated.
benicar 30 mg
Synthesis of new ester prodrugs of olmesartan is described. Their in vitro stabilities in simulated gastric juice, rat plasma, and rat liver microsomes were tested. And the pharmacokinetic parameters for olmesartan after their oral administration were also estimated and compared with those in case of olmesartan medoxomil. Compounds 13 and 14 demonstrated high stability in simulated gastric juice and were rapidly metabolized to olmesartan in rat liver microsomes and rat plasma in vitro. In addition, C(max) and AUC(last) parameters were significantly increased in case of compounds 13 and 14 compared with olmesartan medoxomil. These results indicate that compounds 13 and 14 with cyclohexylcarboxyethyl and adamantylcarboxymethyl promoieties, respectively, are promising prodrugs of olmesartan with markedly increased oral bioavailability.
benicar drug interactions
After 8 weeks of treatment, a mean 24-h ambulatory blood pressure of <130/80 or <130/85 mmHg was achieved by significantly more participants in the olmesartan medoxomil group (18.1 and 30.4%, respectively) than in the amlodipine besylate (7.0 and 14.0%, respectively) or placebo (1.9% for both) groups. The target daytime ambulatory blood pressure of <135/85 mmHg was achieved by more participants in the olmesartan medoxomil group than in the amlodipine besylate group (15.8 vs. 5.8%, respectively; P<0.01).
benicar dosage 5mg
Adding hydrochlorothiazide to olmesartan provides more effective 24-hour blood pressure control versus olmesartan monotherapy in patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension.
benicar drug class
To compare the relative efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil (OM) with atenolol, captopril and losartan in phase III trials on mild to severely hypertensive patients.
benicar tab 5mg
In a multi-center, prospective study, we investigated the long-term efficacy of olmesartan by ABPM in 18-75 years-old Chinese patients with mild to moderate hypertension (clinic diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 90-109 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure [SBP] < 180 mmHg). After a 1 week placebo runin, 87 patients were treated with olmesartan 20 mg once daily in the morning for 24 weeks. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted at baseline and at the end of 24 weeks. At baseline, patients with an MBPS > or = 23 mmHg were classified as the MBPS group (n = 41), and all other patients were classified as the non-MBPS group (n = 46).
Olmesartan has been investigated in several clinical studies. This article reports on data from 1 such study with a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding design in patients with mild to moderate hypertension (baseline mean sitting diastolic blood pressure, 100-114 mm Hg). The results from a meta-analysis of 7 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are also presented.
benicar and alcohol
Retrospective analysis of data from 12 phase I-III trials in the US, Europe and Japan.
benicar dosage maximum
A post-hoc analysis was performed on the data from a 54 weeks phase III study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00923091) to measure changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of 2,690 patients aged ≥18 with moderate-to-severe hypertension who received one of six doses of olmesartan/amlodipine/hydrochlorothiazide (OLM/AML/HCTZ), using the MINICHAL and EQ-5D instruments.
benicar generic reviews
A total of 867 patients were enrolled, and 862 randomized patients were included in the full analysis set (590 men, 272 women; mean age, 56.6 years). A total of 839 patients had assessable ABPM data (213, 211, 206, and 209 patients in the OLM/AZL 10/8 mg, OLM/AZL 20/16 mg, OLM, and AZL groups, respectively). No clinically significant between-group differences were observed in baseline demographic and clinical characteristics. Combination therapy was associated with significantly greater antihypertensive effects on 24-hour ABPM compared with either monotherapy in all of the time periods, as follows: SBP/DBP reductions with OLM/AZL 20/16 mg in the daytime, nighttime, and early morning were -22.6/-14.1, -21.2/-12.5, and -20.6/-11.9 mm Hg, respectively (all, P < 0.05 vs the other 3 treatment groups). The SBP/DBP reductions with OLM/AZL 10/8 mg (daytime, -18.2/-11.0 mm Hg; nighttime, -18.1/-10.0 mm Hg; and early morning, -15.6/-9.3 mm Hg) were also significantly greater than with OLM 20 mg (-11.8/-6.7, -12.8/-7.2, and -11.0/ -6.9 mm Hg, respectively; all, P < 0.01) and AZL 16 mg (-13.1/-7.8, -10.2/-5.5, and -9.9/-6.1 mm Hg; all, P < 0.001) in all of the time periods. The antihypertensive effects associated with OLM/AZL 10/8 mg or 20/16 mg were significantly greater than those with monotherapies regardless of dipping pattern at baseline (all, P < 0.05) in all of the time periods, with the exception of nighttime reduction with OLM/AZL 10/8 mg versus OLM in dippers. The numbers of patients who had any increase in BP were 12/213 (5.6%) with OLM/AZL 10/8 mg, 13/211 (6.2%) with OLM/AZL 20/16 mg, 35/206 (17.0%) with OLM, and 36/209 (17.2%) with AZL. The AZL-containing regimens were associated with reduced morning PR (mean [95% CI] changes from baseline to week 12: -1.5 beats/min [-2.5 to -0.4] with OLM/AZL 10/8 mg, -2.1 beats/min [-3.0 to -1.1] with OLM/AZL 20/16 mg, 0.4 beat/min [-0.5 to 1.3] with OLM, and -1.9 beats/min [-2.8 to -1.0] with AZL).
benicar medication generic
The application, utility, and flexibility of the multiattribute utility theory (MAUT) when used as a formulary decision methodology in a Korean medical center were evaluated.
(1) Atenolol and OM both reduced BP effectively in moderate to severe hypertensives. OM was significantly superior to: (2) losartan (95% confidence interval for baseline to week 12 change in DBP < 0, lower limit < -3.6 mmHg); and (3) captopril (95% confidence interval for baseline to week 12 change in DBP < 0, lower limit < -4.8 mmHg) in BP reduction for mild to moderate hypertensives. Treatment with OM was safe and well tolerated.
benicar 120 mg
We studied the aortas of control rats and others receiving L-NAME or L-NAME plus an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist (CS-866).
|Target Point||Shipping Method||Tracking||Delivery Time||Price|
|Not trackable||14-21 business days||USD 20.00 per order|
|Trackable, where available||5-9 business days||USD 30.00 per order|
Delivery time is:
no signature is required on delivery.
EMS - 5-9 business days, prices - USD 30.00, signature is required on delivery.
Your order will be packed safe and secure and dispatched within 24 hours.
This is exactly how your parcel will look like (pictures of a real shipping item). It has a look of a regular private letter and does not disclose its contents. Size - 9.4x4.3x0.3 inches (24x11x0.7cm).