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Biaxin (Clarithromycin)

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Biaxin is a medication of macrolide antibiotics group. Biaxin fights bacteria in the body. Biaxin is also used together with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.

Other names for this medication:

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Also known as:  Clarithromycin.


Biaxin is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system. Biaxin is also used together with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.

Biaxin fights bacteria in the body.

Biaxin is also known as Clarithromycin, Maclar, Klaricid, Klacid, Clarimac, Claribid.


Biaxin is available in tablets.

Take Biaxin orally.

Take Biaxin with full glass of water.

Take Biaxin with or without food.

Do not crush, chew, or break the Biaxin tablet. Swallow the pill whole.

Shake the Biaxin oral suspension well before measuring a dose. Measure the Biaxin oral suspension with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup.

Take Biaxin for for 7 to 14 days.

The dosage and the kind of medication depend on the disease and its prescribed treatment.

Do not stop taking Biaxin suddenly.


If you overdose Biaxin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Biaxin overdosage: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort.


Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Protect from light. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Biaxin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Biaxin if you are allergic to its components or to clarithromycin or to similar medicines such as azithromycin (Zithromax), dirithromycin (Dynabac), erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin), troleandomycin (Tao).

Do not take Biaxin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Do not take Biaxin if you take astemizole (Hismanal), cisapride (Propulsid), ergot medicine such as ergotamine (Ergomar, Ergostat, Cafergot, Ercaf, Wigraine), or dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal Nasal Spray), pimozide (Orap), terfenadine (Seldane).

Do not take Biaxin if you have liver disease, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, porphyria; personal or family history of "Long QT syndrome".

Try to be careful with Biaxin usage in case you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Avoid consuming alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Biaxin taking suddenly.

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The in vitro inhibitory effects of diallyl disulphide (DADS), diallyl trisulphide (DAT), roselle calyx extract and protocatechuic acid (PA) on the growth of Helicobacter pylori (15 susceptible, 11 clarithromycin-resistant and 9 metronidazole-resistant strains) were studied. The inhibition zone was determined after each agent had been heated at 25, 60, 100 degrees C for 60 min. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of each agent was determined by the tube dilution assay. The results showed that heat treatment did not affect the anti-H. pylori activity of DADS, DAT, roselle calyx extract and PA, and the MIC values of these agents against test H. pylori strains were in the range 8-64 mg/L. The time-kill study assay for DAT and PA at 1x MIC was monitored in Muller Hinton broth supplemented with 10% horse blood or mice stomach homogenate. Both DAT and PA inhibited the growth of all test H. pylori in broth and mice stomach homogenate (p < 0.05); however, the inhibitory effects of these two agents were less in mice stomach homogenate than in broth (p < 0.05). DAT at 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 mg/L and PA at 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48 mg/L were used for urease activity assay. These two agents significantly reduced urease activity of test H. pylori strains (p < 0.05), in which DAT and PA at 1x MIC reduced the urease activity of H. pylori to 70% and 40%, respectively. These agents, based on their lower MIC values and heat tolerance, might be useful in the prevention or therapy of H. pylori.

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A rapid analytical method was developed for the application of a long-term monitoring (>one year) of the most prescribed and often in hospitals used antibiotics in diverse wastewaters of an urban sewage treatment plant (STP). Additionally to the selected multi-class antibiotics amoxicillin, penicillin V and piperacillin (penicillins), cefotaxime and cefuroxime (cephalosporins), azithromycin, clarithromycin and roxithromycin (macrolids), ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin-ofloxacin (fluoroquinolones), clindamycin (lincosamide), doxycycline (tetracycline), sulfamethoxazole (sulfonamide) and trimethoprim (dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor), the bioactive metabolite clindamycin-sulfoxide, the reserve antibiotic vancomycin (glycopeptide) and as tracer of the STP the anticonvulsant carbamazepine and the antifungal fluconazole were involved. The analytical method combines a low-sample-volume solid phase extraction (SPE), followed by a chromatographic separation using a reversed phase (RP) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) technique, respectively, coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. Detection was performed with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) measured with positive electrospray ionization (ESI+). The extraction efficiency of different SPE cartridges and optimized pH-values of the preparation procedure were tested. Finally, the extraction of antibiotics was realized with the Oasis HLB cartridge and a pH adjustment at 3.5. An external calibration curve in diluted blank urine was used for quality control of the sample set of daily composite samples of the STP for the duration of one year monitoring. The squared coefficient of determination (r(2)) in the concentration range (20-20,000ng/L or 100-100,000ng/L) of the calibration curves for the method was higher than 0.99 for all determined substances. The limit of quantification (LoQ) ranged between 0.8ng/L (azithromycin) and 245.1ng/L (vancomycin). Furthermore, a standard addition was used for quantification in wastewater samples. The process efficiencies ranged from 20% (doxycycline) to 134% (cefuroxime) in influent samples and from 31% (doxycycline) to 171% (cefuroxime) in effluent samples of the STP. All selected substances have been found in wastewater samples. Cefuroxime, doxycycline, levofloxacin, piperacillin, sulfamethoxazole and carbamazepine showed highest concentrations up to 6.2μg/L.

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este estudio posibilitó investigar la asociación de factores de riesgo y la ocurrencia de flebitis durante el uso y después de la retirada del catéter. La frecuencia de la flebitis post-infusión fue mayor que el número de flebitis asociada a la permanencia del catéter, siendo las de grado III y II, respectivamente, las más frecuentes. Se trato de elucidar aspectos relacionados a la flebitis post-infusión, considerando que existen pocos estudios que abordan el tema bajo esta perspectiva.

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Our findings suggest that eradication of gastric H. pylori significantly alleviates halitosis and coated tongue, the two oral conditions that may be considered as extragastric manifestations of this common chronic bacterial infection.

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Six clinical isolates of the nonpigmented, rapidly growing species Mycobacterium mageritense were recovered from sputum, bronchial wash, blood, sinus drainage, and two surgical wound infections from separate patients in Texas, New York, Louisiana, and Florida. The isolates matched the ATCC type strain by PCR restriction enzyme analysis of the 65-kDa hsp gene sequence of Telenti, high-performance liquid chromatography, biochemical reactions, and partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. These are the first isolates of this species to be described in the United States and the first isolates to be associated with clinical disease. Susceptibility testing of all known isolates of the species revealed all isolates to be susceptible or intermediate to amikacin, cefoxitin, imipenem, and the fluoroquinolones and sulfonamides but resistant to clarithromycin. Because of their phenotypic and clinical similarity to isolates of the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex (sorbitol positive), isolates of M. mageritense are likely to go undetected unless selected carbohydrate utilization or molecular identification methods are used.

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In addition to antibacterial activity, some macrolide antibiotics, such as azithromycin and clarithromycin, also exhibit anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo, although the targets and mechanism(s) of action remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to identify protein targets of azithromycin and clarithromycin which could potentially explain their anti-inflammatory effects. Using chemical proteomics approach, based on compound-immobilized affinity chromatography, valosin containing protein (VCP) was identified as a potential target of the macrolides. Validation studies confirmed the interaction of macrolides and VCP and gave some structural characteristics of this interaction. Cell based assays however, including the use of gene silencing and the study of VCP specific cellular functions in J774.A1 (murine macrophage) and IB3-1 (human cystic fibrotic epithelial) cell lines, failed to confirm an association between the binding of the macrolides to VCP and anti-inflammatory effects. These findings suggest the absence of an abundant high affinity protein target and the potential involvement of other biological molecules in the anti-inflammatory activity of macrolides.

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A decision analysis to examine the cost effectiveness of eight H pylori eradication strategies for duodenal ulcer disease with and without 13C-urea breath testing to confirm eradication.

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The in vitro activity of ABT-773, a new ketolide, was compared with those of clarithromycin, amoxicillin, metronidazole, and tetracycline against 15 strains of Helicobacter pylori. The MIC of ABT-773 at which 90% of isolates were inhibited was 0.25 microg/ml, which was 3 dilutions higher than that of the most active agent, clarithromycin. Synergy and antagonism were not seen with any combinations. Additive activity was seen with tetracycline, metronidazole, and amoxicillin in 100, 60, and 40% of the combinations, respectively.

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The influence of inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (verapamil [VE], cyclosporine [CY], and GF120918 [GF]) on the cell handling of macrolides (erythromycin [ERY], clarithromycin [CLR], roxithromycin [ROX], azithromycin [AZM], and telithromycin [TEL]) was examined in J774 murine macrophages. The net influx rates of AZM and TEL were increased from 2- to 3.5-fold in the presence of these inhibitors, but their efflux was slowed only marginally. At 3 h, the inhibitors increased the levels of AZM, ERY, and TEL accumulation approximately three- to fourfold (the effect of VE, however, was lower) but did not influence CLR accumulation (the inhibitors had an intermediate behavior on ROX accumulation). The effect was concentration dependent (half-maximal increases in the level of accumulation of AZM were obtained with GF, CY, and VE at 0.5, 5, and 10 micro M, respectively). ATP depletion also caused an approximately threefold increase in the level of accumulation of AZM. Two inhibitors of MRP (probenecid [2.5 mM] and gemfibrozil [0.25 mM]) had no effect. Monensin (a proton ionophore) completely suppressed the accumulation of AZM in control cells as well as in cells incubated in the presence of VE, demonstrating that transmembrane proton gradients are the driving force causing the accumulation of AZM in both cases. Yet, VE did not alter the pH of the lysosomes (approximately 5) or of the cytosol (approximately 7.1). P-glycoprotein was detected by immunostaining at the cell surface as well as in intracellular vacuoles (endosomes and lysosomes). The data suggest that the influx of AZM, ERY, TEL, and ROX is adversely influenced by the activity of P-glycoprotein in J774 macrophages, resulting in suboptimal drug accumulation.

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Helicobacter pylori is a pathogen that establishes long life infections responsible for chronic gastric ulcer diseases and a proved risk factor for gastric carcinoma. The therapeutic properties of carbon-monoxide releasing molecules (CORMs) led us to investigate their effect on H. pylori. We show that H. pylori 26695 is susceptible to two widely used CORMs, namely CORM-2 and CORM-3. Also, several H. pylori clinical isolates were killed by CORM-2, including those resistant to metronidazole. Moreover, sub-lethal doses of CORM-2 combined with metronidazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin was found to potentiate the effect of the antibiotics. We further demonstrate that the mechanisms underpinning the antimicrobial effect of CORMs involve the inhibition of H. pylori respiration and urease activity. In vivo studies done in key cells of the innate immune system, such as macrophages, showed that CORM-2, either alone or when combined with metronidazole, strongly reduces the ability of H. pylori to infect animal cells. Hence, CORMs have the potential to kill antibiotic resistant strains of H. pylori.

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Chlamydia pneumoniae infection of lymphocytes in blood has been well documented, and it is apparent that control of this pathogen in these cells may be critical in the development of chronic inflammatory diseases associated with infection by this bacterium. The activity of antibiotics against C. pneumoniae in lymphocytes was assessed in this study by utilizing an in vitro infection model with lymphoid cells. The results obtained indicated that although all of the antibiotics tested showed remarkable activity against bacterial growth in epithelial cells, C. pneumoniae in lymphocytes was less susceptible to antibiotics than was bacterial growth in epithelial cells, which are widely used for the evaluation of anti-C. pneumoniae antibiotics.

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Inflammatory cytokines are involved in the development of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP). It has been shown that macrolides inhibit cytokine production in the alveolar macrophages of COP patients.

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One-hundred patients (mean age 50 years, 39% men, 31% peptic ulcer/69% functional dyspepsia) were included. Eight patients did not take the medication correctly (in six cases due to adverse effects). Per-protocol and intention-to-treat eradication rates were 52% (95% CI = 41-63%) and 50% (40-60%). Adverse effects were reported in 30 (30%) patients: nausea/vomiting (13 patients), asthenia/anorexia (8), abdominal pain (7), diarrhoea (5), fever (4), metallic taste (4), myalgia (4), hypertransaminasemia (2), leucopenia (<1,500 neutrophils) (2), thrombopenia (<150,000 platelets) (2), headache (1) and aphthous stomatitis (1). Myelotoxicity resolved spontaneously in all cases.

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In this open, randomized, monocenter, parallel group comparison, 107 patients with duodenal ulcer or functional dyspepsia were assigned to receive one of the following treatment regimens: a 7-day triple therapy with pantoprazole, 40 mg bid; clarithromycin, 250 mg bid; and metronidazole, 400 mg bid, which was either preceded or followed by a 7-day therapy with pantoprazole, 40 mg (P-PCM or PCM-P). Assessment of H. pylori status was performed by a biopsy urease test and 13C urea breath test at the initial visit and 13C urea breath test at all follow-up visits.

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Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium responsible for 15 to 40 % of acute community-acquired pneumonia in children and 20 % of adult cases. Several extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported. We report a rare case of an adult patient suffering from pneumonia associated with an acute pancreatitis in the setting of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection.

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This prospective randomized control study was performed during June 2014 to December 2014. H. pylori infected gastritis patients were randomized to receive 7- or 14-day levofloxacin-dexlansoprazole based on quadruple therapy (levofloxacin 500 mg OD, dexlansoprazole 60 mg bid, clarithromycin MR 1000 mg OD, bismuth subsalicylate 1048 mg bid). CYP2C19 genotyping and antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted for all patients. A 13C urea breath test was performed to confirm H. pylori eradication at least 4 weeks after treatment.

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The prevalence of H. pylori infection in dyspeptic patients in Yemen is very high, the eradication rate with standard triple therapy was unsatisfactory probably because of widespread bacterial resistance due to unrestricted antibiotic use. The recurrence rate of infection at 1 year was high, as a result of recrudescence of incompletely eradicated organisms rather than reinfection.

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A 77-year-old male with uncontrollable hypertension developed shock, heart block, and multiorgan failure 2 days after clarithromycin was added to his antihypertensive treatment (nifedipine, captopril, doxazosin). Invasive monitoring revealed hyperdynamic shock with decreased systemic vascular resistances.

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The review was performed on 251 patients. There were 177 males, 74 females. The median age was 51 (18-77) years. H. pylori infection was confirmed by CLO test in 170 patients and by histology in 72 patients. Thirty patients did not undergo further investigation after therapy to confirm the eradication. Of the remaining 221 patients, H. pylori was successfully eradicated in 198 patients (89.6%) as confirmed by 14C urea breath test (190 patients) or repeat gastroscopy and gastric biopsy (31 patients). There were no serious adverse events documented.

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The in vitro effect of macrolides at concentrations below the minimum inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC) on the interaction between Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm and human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was investigated by using a chemiluminescence assay. The PMN response to either mucoid or nonmucoid P. aeruginosa biofilm was strongly reduced compared with the response to planktonic bacteria (p < 0.01, p < 0.001, respectively). When biofilms were treated with erythromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin and azithromycin prior to incubation with PMNs, the chemiluminescence response was markedly enhanced as compared to untreated controls, and a dose-dependent effect was noted over the range of sub-MIC concentrations studied. In general, macrolides appeared to be slightly more active against mucoid biofilm. Azithromycin was shown to be the most active macrolide against P. aeruginosa biofilms. However, the treatment with sub-MICs of rokitamycin did not have any effect. On the other hand, treatment of planktonic bacteria with macrolides before being exposed to the PMNs did not affect the chemiluminescence response as compared to untreated controls. These findings suggest that macrolides inhibiting the biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa may facilitate the phagocytosis of bacteria by PMNs.

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Pravastatin was associated with fewer hospitalizations, physician visits, and overall health care resource utilization in prevalent users than lovastatin, possibly due to a lack of drug interaction effects.

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Whooping cough is a highly contagious respiratory disease which is caused predominantly by the gram-negative bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Further Bordetella species such as B. parapertussis and the recently discovered species B. holmesii are also involved in whooping cough-like diseases. Depending on age, vaccination status and distance to pre-infection with B. pertussis, whooping cough shows a wide range of symptoms. The disease occurs at any age, leaving only short time immunity. During the last 15 years, in industrialized countries the number of reported pertussis cases has been increased markedly. The reason for this observation is still unclear Macrolides such as azithromycin and clarithromycin are regarded as antibiotics of first choice. In Germany, combination vaccines containing acellular pertussis vaccines is the most important strategy of prevention. To ensure the best possible protection against pertussis, booster doses at determined times should be given after primary vaccination in infancy.

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To characterize response to a three-times-weekly (TIW) regimen of clarithromycin, ethambutol, and rifampin.

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Isolated cutaneous mycobacterial infection is exceptional in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report a case of Buruli ulcer observed in a Zairan female infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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This was a retrospective review of studies evaluating antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among clinical isolates of S pneumoniae in Turkey from 2000 onward. Relevant studies were identified through literature searches of both Turkish (Ulakbim and Pleksus) and international (MEDLINE) databases using the search terms S pneumoniae and Turkey. Only antibiotics likely to be used in pneumococcal pneumonia were evaluated. The minimum concentration required to inhibit 90% of isolates (MIC(90)) for each antibiotic was obtained by averaging all reported values to arrive at a single value for the entire country.

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Novel drug delivery systems such as nanoparticles (NPs) have been proved to enhance the effectiveness of many drugs. Clarithromycin is a broad spectrum macrolide antibiotic, used in many infectious conditions like upper and lower respiratory tract infections, and skin and other soft tissue infections. This paper describes the preparation and enhanced in vitro antibacterial activities of clarithromycin loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles. A modified quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion (MQESD) method was used to prepare clarithromycin (CLR) NPs. The antibacterial activity of the NPs was evaluated using the agar well diffusion method against Escherichia coli (PTCC 1330), Haemophilus influenzae (PTCC 1623), Salmonella typhi (PTCC 1609), Staphylococcus aureus (PTCC 1112) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (PTCC 1240). The inhibition zone diameters related to each nano formulation were compared with those for untreated CLR at the same concentrations. The results indicated that the mean inhibition zone diameters of NPs against all the bacteria tested were significantly higher than those of untreated CLR, particularly in the case of S. aureus. The increased potency of CLR NPs may be related to some physicochemical properties of NPs like modified surface characteristics, lower drug degradation, and increased drug adsorption and uptake.

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To determine if chloroquine modifies the activity of clarithromycin, less effective at acidic pH, against intracellular Mycobacterium avium.

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biaxin dosage forms 2016-11-20

We first replicated and then validated 2 models, replacing model assumptions with empirical data from a multipayer claims database. Database subjects were 435 commercially insured U.S. patients treated with bismuthmetronidazole- tetracycline (BMT), proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-clarithromycin, or PPI-amoxicillin. Patients met >1 clinical requirement (ulcer disease, gastritis/duodenitis, stomach function disorder, abdominal pain, H pylori infection, endoscopy, buy biaxin or H pylori assay). Sensitivity analyses included only patients with ulcer diagnosis or gastrointestinal specialist care. Outcome measures were: (1) rates of eradication retreatment; (2) use of office visits, hospitalizations, endoscopies, and antisecretory medication; and (3) cost per effectively treated (nonretreated) patient.

biaxin alcohol 2016-10-08

Determination of the bioequivalence of 2 buy biaxin clarithromycin tablet formulations manufactured in Korea.

biaxin pill 2015-08-26

This open-label study was designed to determine the extent of histological resolution of gastritis induced by Helicobacter pylori infection 4-5 weeks after successful eradication of the infection. Eradication was achieved using a triple therapy regimen consisting of a twice daily dose of pantoprazole 40 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, and amoxicillin 1,000 mg taken for 1 week only. No other medications were given thereafter. Four biopsies were processed for histological examination of each patient, two from the antral and two from the corporeal mucosa, first at the start of the study and then again 4 weeks after cessation of buy biaxin the medication trial. Scoring for H. pylori colonization and the severity of gastritis was determined for each patient according to the Sydney system. 53 of 57 patients in this study had their H. pylori infection successfully eradicated by the regimen mentioned and could be histologically evaluated. According to the severity of gastritis in the antral mucosa, patients were studied in 3 groups: mild, moderate and severe gastritis. 17 of 19 cases with mild gastritis showed complete resolution of the inflammation, with residual inflammatory changes persisting in 2 cases only. 22 of the 26 cases with moderate gastritis showed almost complete recovery except for minor residual inflammatory changes as judged by irregularity of intracytoplasmic mucine storage. Persistent residual inflammatory changes in the lamina propria were detected in 4 cases. Of the 8 cases with severe gastritis 5 showed subsidence of the inflammatory changes, but the mucosa in these cases revealed some scarring, distortion of the glandular epithelium and atrophy. In 3 cases residual inflammation persisted.

biaxin 20 mg 2017-02-09

NTM sternal wound infection is rare but may be fatal if not properly treated. The toxic signs are often subtle and it will take longer to isolate compared to typical bacterial mediastinitis. Early recognition, the use of appropriate antibiotics buy biaxin based on susceptibility tests, and aggressive surgical debridement are required for full recovery.

biaxin normal dosage 2017-12-23

To assess and compare the efficacy and buy biaxin harm of antimicrobial treatments for chronic bacterial prostatitis.

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All PPI-based triple therapies tested in this study were effective in curing H. pylori infection; however, P + C + B resulted in buy biaxin rates too low (< 85%) to be recommended. P + C + A and P + A + T resulted in the high cure rates and thus may be considered the treatment of choice.

biaxin dosage 2017-12-20

The antiviral neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir (OSV) is used to treat influenza. The macrolide clarithromycin (CAM) is used to treat bacterial infections and has anti- buy biaxin inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. This retrospective study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of CAM in children presenting with influenza A.

biaxin 250 mg 2015-03-12

Administration of 400 mg ranitidine-bismuth and 500 mg clarithromycin twice a buy biaxin day, for seven days.

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In this study the effects of exposure to serum, lung and breakpoint concentrations on Streptococcus pneumoniae susceptibility to clarithromycin, azithromycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin were evaluated. Development of resistance was determined by multi-step and single-step methodologies. In the first experimental set, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined after 10 passages on buy biaxin antibiotic-gradient plates and 10 passages on antibiotic-free plates. Acquisition of resistance was defined as an increase of > or = 4-fold from the starting MIC. In single-step studies, the rate of spontaneous mutations was calculated after a passage on antibiotic-containing agar plates. Azithromycin and levofloxacin gave the highest number of strains with MIC increased of at least 4 times the starting value, followed by moxifloxacin and by clarithromycin which only at the lowest concentration tested selected for resistance in 5 strains. Amoxicillin/clavulanate never displayed > or = 4-fold MIC increase. Frequencies of mutation were lower for clarithromycin and moxifloxacin than for the comparators. At lung concentrations clarithromycin had limited potential to select for resistance.

biaxin generic cost 2016-04-13

A search of the English-language literature indexed on the MEDLINE, Life Sciences, EMBASE, BIOSIS, and Pharmaprojects databases from 1966 to October 7, buy biaxin 2003, was conducted using the terms Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium fortuitum, bacterial keratitis, topical antibiotic therapy, ocular infection-mycobacteria, and LASIK infections. Data on the minimum concentrations at which 90% of isolates were inhibited (MIC(90)s) were reviewed and compared.

biaxin liquid dosage 2015-09-09

Seventy-three patients with perforated duodenal ulcer following buy biaxin simple closure with H. pylori infection were randomized to receive either standard triple drug therapy or the sequential therapy. Standard triple drug therapy comprised of omeprazole, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin for 10 days. Sequential therapy comprised of omeprazole and amoxicillin or the first 5 days followed by omeprazole, clarithromycin, and amoxicillin for the next 5 days. Follow-up endoscopy was done at 2 months to assess the eradication rates, compliance, and side effects with each regimen.

biaxin user reviews 2017-03-18

In two different treatment groups-namely, omeprazole or ranitidine, in combination with clarithromycin and metronidazole (OME/AB (n = 33) and RAN/AB (n = 30))-manganese superoxide dismutase and copper/zinc superoxide dismutase concentrations were evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays in homogenates of gastric antrum and corpus biopsy specimens obtained before and eight weeks after successful treatment of H pylori buy biaxin infection. Superoxide dismutase activities in these homogenates were determined spectrophotometrically in eight patients of both groups before and after successful treatment. The concentrations of gastric mucosal superoxide dismutases were also determined in 12 patients with a persistent H pylori infection, with (n = 4) or without (n = 8) eradication therapy. Infection and eradication of H pylori were confirmed by a combination of culture and histology.

biaxin dosage pediatric 2017-10-06

Rifampicin has been prescribed throughout the world for over 20 years, yet only four cases of rifampicin-induced lupus erythematosus (LE) have been reported. Rifampicin-induced LE is associated with combination therapy with clarithromycin or ciprofloxacin. These drugs are all metabolized through the cytochrome P450 liver enzyme system and combined usage may lead to higher rifampicin blood levels. Drug-induced LE differs from systemic LE; cutaneous manifestations, although uncommon, are buy biaxin an important clue to the diagnosis. We report a case of rifampicin-induced LE presenting with florid cutaneous features.

biaxin drug interactions 2017-06-15

The new proposed ultrashort triple therapy, including lansoprazole, low dose azithromycin for 3 days, and a single dose of tinidazole, appears to be a very effective anti-H. pylori regimen, a simpler, cheaper, well-tolerated, and equally effective alternative to 1-wk triple Detrol Generic Dosing therapy.

biaxin dosing 2015-08-02

Ketolides are a new class of antibacterials that have been specifically developed for the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infections in an era of increasing resistance among major etiologic pathogens. These agents possess several unique structural features, including a 3-keto function and a large Prilosec Cost aromatic side chain, that confer not only a mode of action that differentiates them from the macrolide class but also a reduced potential to induce--or select for--resistant strains. Studies also suggest that ketolides such as telithromycin have a lower ecologic impact on the body's microflora than agents such as clarithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate, potentially reducing the risk of emergence of resistant strains and the spread of such resistance to pathogenic species. Therefore, available evidence suggests that ketolides may not only provide important new treatment options in an era of increasing resistance but may also contribute to reducing the pressure for development of further resistance. Clearly, further studies are required to confirm this low resistance potential once the ketolide agents become more widely used in routine practice.

biaxin drug class 2015-09-09

To study the effectiveness of short-term triple therapy with amoxycillin, clarithromycin and either omeprazole or lansoprazole for eradication and Aciphex 20 Pill healing of peptic ulcers.

biaxin with alcohol 2016-02-27

The aims of the present study were to investigate the ecological disturbances caused by four different anti-H. pylori regimens Atarax Tab 25mg , to compare different methods for diagnosing H. pylori, and to study the genetic variability of H. pylori. The patients included in the study were all treated at the Center of Gastroenterology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute. All patients were H. pylori-positive before entering the study, confirmed by rapid urease test, histology, culture and urea breath test or PCR. Treatment regimens included in the study were omeprazole alone (OP), in combination with amoxicillin (OA), in combination with amoxicillin and metronidazole (OAM) and in combination with clarithromycin and metronidazole (OCM). Samples from the mouth (saliva and dental plaque), stomach (biopsies from the gastric mucosa in the corpus and in the antrum) and the intestine (feces) were collected before, during and after treatment. The oral microflora was challenged by the three treatment regimens including antimicrobial agents, with the emergence of resistant streptococci and staphylococci in the OCM group. Bacterial strains in the gastric mucosa increased in numbers during treatment in all treatment groups, probably due to the pH rise, which provides a better environment for the commensal microflora. This overgrowth was especially pronounced during treatment with omeprazole alone (OP), possibly due to the fact that a concomitant suppression exerted by the antimicrobial agents occurred in the other treatment groups. H. pylori was, on the other hand, suppressed during treatment in all treatment groups, possibly due to a direct effect of omeprazole and to the colonization resistance expressed by the normal microflora. An emergence of resistant commensal strains in the gastric mucosa was seen in the OCM and the OAM groups. The intestinal microflora was most altered in the OAM and the OCM groups, with persistent disturbances in the OCM group 4 weeks after treatment. The frequency of resistant Enterococcus spp. (OCM), Enterobacteriaceae spp. (OA and OAM) and Bacteroides spp. (OCM) was increased during and after treatment. Different detection methods for H. pylori were compared and PCR was shown to have higher sensitivity than other routine diagnostic tests. The patients in the present study seemed to be colonized with a single strain of H. pylori. Treatment failures in patients treated with OAM were caused by recrudescence. These four patients with relapsing H. pylori infection, were shown to be reinfected with the original H. pylori strain, indicating that H. pylori escapes treatment by a thus far unknown mechanism.

biaxin pill images 2015-08-30

Patients treated with SRP + CLM showed enhanced Noroxin Buy reductions in GI, SBI, and PD, and gains in PAL (P < 0.001) over time, as compared with the placebo group. However, no statistically significant differences were noted for PI. The mean concentration of CLM was detected in gingival crevicular fluid for up to 7 weeks, fulfilling the conditions for a controlled-release device.

biaxin filmtab 2017-09-22

An objective of the present study was to develop alginate/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) based floating-mucoadhesive beads of clarithromycin to provide prolonged Paxil Max Dose contact time of antibiotic to treat stomach ulcer. Floating-mucoadhesive beads were prepared and characterized for in vitro performance followed by investigation of ex vivo study in albino-wistar rats. Beads were prepared by ionic gelation technique where calcium chloride used as gelating agent and incorporated liquid paraffin for floating of the beads. Prepared beads were evaluated extensively for particle size, drug entrapment; swelling and surface morphology by using scanning electron microscopy. X-ray radioimaging study in rabbits, in vitro mucoadhesion using rat stomach mucosal membrane and in vitro drug release studies were carried out. Ex vivo performance of alginate-HPMC beads were studied using albino rats in comparison to simple alginate-calcium beads. Alginate-HPMC beads may be suitable floating-muco-adhesive drug delivery system for delivering clarithromycin to treat stomach ulcers.

biaxin loading dose 2017-11-28

The sequential regimen achieved eradication rates significantly higher in comparison with the standard regimen at both intention-to-treat (94% vs. 80%; P = 0.008) and per-protocol (97% vs. 83%; P = 0.006) analyses. In both treatment groups, compliance to the therapy was high (> 95%), and the rate of mild side-effects was similarly low Salbutamol Ventolin Dosage (< 12%). At repeated upper endoscopy, peptic ulcer lesions were healed in 97% patients, without a statistically significant difference between the sequential regimen and the standard triple therapy.

biaxin 500 dosage 2017-09-05

Phx-3, one of the phenoxazine derivatives, is reported to have inhibitory effect on Mycobacterium species and Chlamydia pneumoniae but not Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus Vantin 200mg Tab aureus, Listeria monocytogenes. The bactericidal activities of Phx-3 against Helicobacter pylori strains have not been assessed. Then, we measured minimum inhibitory concentration of Phx-3 for Helicobacter strains and assessed the morphological and biochemical effects of Phx-3 on H. pylori. In present study, it has shown that H. pylori strains including clarithromycin resistant strain and Helicobacter musterae were killed effectively by the treatment with Phx-3. Furthermore, severe morphological changes such as membrane blebbing and formation of hollows in H. pylori were detected. In addition, induction of heat shock protein 60 was observed. Taken together, Phx-3 has antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori.

biaxin 500mg medication 2015-09-17

To determine the impact of a community based Helicobacter pylori screening and eradication programme on the incidence of dyspepsia, resource use, and quality of life, including a cost consequences analysis. Voltaren D Tablets

biaxin reviews 2016-11-30

Twenty-six-year old woman with no family or hereditary history of primary immune deficiencies or consanguinity, with repeated episodes of otitis, sinusitis, gastroenteritis and bronchitis since childhood. At adolescence, she was diagnosed with common variable immunodeficiency; she was prescribed intravenous gamma-globulin, broad-spectrum antimicrobials and macrolides. At 22 years of age, she underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation owing to continued severe infections. At 4 months, post-transplantation she was diagnosed with hypothyroidism and ovarian Suprax Medicine insufficiency. During the following 3 years, she had no infections, but at 25 years of age she had immune thrombocytopenic purpura diagnosed, which persists together with Raynaud's disease and upper respiratory tract persistent infections. At the moment of this report she is being treated with intravenous gamma-globulin and receiving prophylaxis with clarithromycin, without steroids or danazol.

biaxin oral suspension 2015-12-29

Irrational drug prescribing is considered one of the major challenges for the healthcare sectors worldwide, leading to negative outcomes in patients including various drug-related problems, such as polypharmacy, adverse drug events, more demands on drug monitoring, and unwanted increase in treatment cost.

biaxin 1000 mg 2016-04-29

Helicobacter cinaedi bacteremia has been infrequently described in homosexual patients with HIV infection. It may recur despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy. We report a bisexual patient with AIDS in whom H. cinaedi bacteremia developed and presented with prolonged fever and chronic diarrhea. The symptoms resolved without relapse after intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, which was administered for the treatment of concurrent parvovirus B19-associated anemia, and subsequent treatment with clarithromycin for 14 days.

biaxin cost 2017-05-11

Helicobacter (Campylobacter) pylori infection has emerged as a major cause of gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric malignancies. Not all patients with H. pylori infection require treatment; however, for those with ulcer disease (particularly those with bleeding), antibiotic therapy can be curative. To confirm infection (or its eradication), use the rapid urease assay, serologic examination or, when available, the urea breath test. Treatment options include triple therapy (with bismuth subsalicylate, metronidazole, and either tetracycline or amoxicillin) and dual therapy (with omeprazole and either amoxicillin or clarithromycin). For patients with an active ulcer, follow antibiotic therapy with ranitidine or omeprazole.