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Cefixime (Cefixime)

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Cefixime is a high-class medication which is commonly used to treat bacterial infections of the middle ear, urinary tract and upper respiratory tract. The active ingredient Cefixime is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls thereby killing them.

Other names for this medication:

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Also known as:  Cefixime.


Cefixime is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections spread by bacteria. The target of Cefixime is to control, ward off, terminate and kill bacteria.

Cefixime is known as a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

Cefixime works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls that are vital for their survival. Cefixime damages the bonds that hold the bacterial cell wall together. This causes the appearing of holes in the cell walls and kills the bacteria.

Cefixime has marked in vitro bactericidal activity against a wide variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms.

Cefixime and other antibiotics don't treat viral infections (flu, cold and other).


Take Cefixime by mouth with a full glass of water with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

The recommended adult dosage is 200-400mg of Cefixime daily according to the severity of infection, given either as a single dose or in two divided doses.

Cefixime is not recommended for use in children less than 6 months of age.

Children older than 6 months and up to 11 years of age should not be given Cefixime as a tablet.

Adolescents 12 years of age and older and children weighing more than 50 kg may be given the same dose of Cefixime as adults.

For elderly patients, the doses of Cefixime are the same as adults provided the kidney functions are normal.

It is better to take Cefixime every day at the same time.

Do not stop taking Cefixime suddenly. The usual course of treatment is 7 days but it may be continued for up to 14 days if required.


If an overdose occurs and you are not feeling well, you should seek emergency medical attention or contact your healthcare provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) and away from excess moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cefixime are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not use Cefixime if you are allergic to Cefixime components or other cephalosporin-type antibiotics (e.g., Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef).

Cefixime is not to use if you are allergic to penicillin-type antibiotics.

Be careful with Cefixime if you take anticoagulants or carbamazepine.

Do not take Cefixime if with BCG vaccine or a live typhoid vaccine because their effectiveness may be decreased by Cefixime.

Do not use Cefixime if you have diarrhea, stomach or bowel problems (eg, inflammation), bleeding or blood clotting problems, liver problems, or poor nutrition.

Do not use Cefixime you have a history of kidney problems or you are on dialysis treatment.

Be careful with Cefixime and inform your doctor that you are taking cefixime if you are having surgery, including dental surgery.

Do not take Cefixime if you're pregnant or a nursing mother.

Do not use Cefixime in children younger than 6 months old.

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We used cefixime (CFIX), a newly developed oral cephalosporin antibiotic, to treat 21 children with various infections. The results are summarized as follows. The serum half-lives of CFIX after an administration of 6 mg/kg to each of 2 children were 2.56 and 2.79 hours. The serum concentrations were high enough to ensure the therapeutic response. The clinical response was "excellent" in 16 children and "good" in 5, with a 100% efficacy rate. No side effects were recorded. The only abnormal finding was slight eosinophilia in 1 child.

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The study indicates reemergence of chloramphenicol-susceptible Salmonella enterica serovar typhi and paratyphi A isolates, a significant decline in MDR strains and high resistance to nalidixic acid. E1 phage type and biotype 1 are found to be most prevalent in Chennai, India.

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Both intramuscular ceftriaxone 125 mg and oral cefixime 400 mg appear to be effective for the treatment of gonococcal infection in pregnancy.

cefixime review

Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae jeopardizes public health and continues to spread out to currently recommended and older antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance provides essential clues toward the modification of treatment guidelines. The aim of the study was to determine gonococcal AMR profile and trends between 2007 and 2012 and to evaluate any change in AMR profile in comparison with published trends in 2002 to 2006.

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Treatment failures following therapy with the oral third-generation cephalosporins cefixime and ceftibuten have been reported, but not with the injectable ceftriaxone. The gonococci involved have raised minimal inhibitory concentrations to these agents, including to ceftriaxone. The presence of multiple chromosomal changes form the basis for this 'resistance', prominent among which is a mosaic penicillin-binding protein 2 found in association with additional known and unknown mutations in other genes. The imprecise nature of laboratory criteria for detecting these gonococci means that the distribution and prevalence of these strains is also uncertain.

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A simple and specific liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-APCI-MS) assay method has been developed and fully validated for the simultaneous quantification of cefixime (CX) and clavulanic acid (CA) in human plasma. Analytes and internal standard were extracted from human plasma by a solid phase extraction technique using a Sam prep (3 mL, 100 mg) extraction cartridge. The extracted samples were chromatographed on a reverse phase C18 column using a mixture of methanol : acetonitrile : 2 mM ammonium acetate (pH 3.5) (25 : 25 : 50, v/v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. Quantification of the analytes were carried out using single quadrupole LC-APCI-MS through selected ion monitoring at m/z 452 and 198, respectively, for CX and CA. The assay was linear over the concentration range of 0.05-10.0 and 0.1-10.0 μg/mL, respectively, for CX and CA. The mean plasma extraction recoveries of the CX and CA were found to be 95.20-96.27% and 94.67-95.58%, respectively. The method was successfully applied for the determination of pharmacokinetics of CX and CA after oral administration of single dosage CX/CA (200/125 mg) pill to the humans (n = 12).

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The prevalence of in-vitro susceptibilities to antibiotics were (hospital, state health service clinic, health center-primary-care): imipenem (100%-100%-100%; p=NS), amikacin (100%-100%-99.7%; p=NS), fosfomicyn (98.6%-98.4%-99.6%; p=NS), cefepime (96%-96.9%-98.3%; p=NS), piperacillin-tazobactam (96%-95.3%-96.6%; p=NS), aztreonam (93.5%-94.7%-97.7%; p<0.001), ceftazidime (93.5%-94.3%-97.8%; p<0.001), cefotaxime (93.1%-95%-97.7%; p<0.001), cefixime (92.7%-94.6%-96.7%; p<0.05), nitrofurantoin (92%-94.7%-94.7%; p=NS), cefuroxime (88.4%-93.1%-95%; p<0.001), amoxicillin-clavulanic (87.7%-88.7%-93.8%; p<0.001), tobramicyn (87%-93.7%-93.8%; p<0.001), gentamcin (85.9%-92.8%-93%; p<0.001), cefazolin (84.4%-88.7%-91.6%; p<0.01), ciprofloxacin (63.8%-71.4%-78.4%; p<0.001), norfloxacin (63%-70.8%-78.2%; p<0.001), cotrimoxazole (65.2%-68.6%-74.9%; p<0.01) and ampicillin (35.5%-42.5%-47.8%; p<0.01). (*NS= No significant differences).

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Of 389 specimens reviewed, GC treatment failures occurred in 13 specimens treated with cefixime 400-mg single dose (17.8% treatment failure rate regardless of anatomical site) and in 1 oropharyngeal specimen treated with cefixime 800-mg single dose. No treatment failures occurred using either ceftriaxone monotherapy or cefixime/ceftriaxone combined with azithromycin or doxycycline.

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To evaluate care delivery patterns in patients treated for pelvic inflammatory disease in pediatric outpatient settings and to determine the effect of practice type on care delivery.

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Shigella flexneri was the most common serotype isolated. Majority of the isolates were sensitive to 3rd generation cephalosporins (cefixime/ceftriaxone).

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The susceptibility rate of NG isolates to cefixime varied with the gender of patients and geographical location from which NG isolates were collected, and declined with time. The reported lower susceptibility rate of NG isolates to cefixime and associated treatment failures, as well as the emergence of NG strains with cephalosporin resistance call for the more effective control of NG infection and the development of new antibiotics.

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The detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in environmental samples is a human concern. The high persistence of this serotype in the environment suggests that contaminated animal wastewater could act as a potential reservoir. Nevertheless, the high levels of background microflora and cell damage because of environmental stress hamper the isolation of this pathogen without using enrichment methods. This study develops a method for the detection of E. coli and investigates its prevalence in animal and human wastewaters.

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Antimicrobial resistance testing and behavioral data combined with Neisseria gonorrhoeae multiantigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) can help to define gonococcal populations and identify, characterize, and compare clusters of infection.

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These data mandate local monitoring of drug resistance and its consideration in empirical therapy of E. coli infections. Plasmid analysis of representative E. coli isolates also demonstrates the presence of a wide range of plasmid sizes, with no consistent relationship between plasmid profiles and resistance phenotypes. Plasmid profiles distinguished more strains than did the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.

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As a consequence of their successful use in prophylaxis and therapy, bacterial resistance mediated by beta-lactamases is now widely diffused among beta-lactam antibiotics. Several effective strategies have been suggested in order to overcome this problem. One interesting option is offered by the development of a series of new beta-lactam compounds that possess a very high intrinsic stability to the hydrolytic action of the most common beta-lactamases. Among these molecules the oral third generation cephalosporins represent a significant breakthrough. Cefetamet pivoxil, because of its broad coverage of most gram-negative and gram-positive community acquired pathogens, rightly belongs to these new agents. The activity of cefetamet has been confirmed in a survey in Italy involving 4191 isolates. on this collection of strains cefetamet emerged as the most active in vitro compound, followed by cefixime, with all other comparative agents (cefuroxime, cefaclor, cephalexin, cefradoxil, ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam, doxycycline, erythromycin and clindamycin) displaying lower eradication rates. According to the data gathered in the Italian survey, cefetamet can be considered the only compound, among those taken into consideration, that might be selected as the drug of choice in the empiric therapy of respiratory and urinary community-acquired infections. In fact, the prevalence of resistance to cefetamet in the most prevalent pathogens occurring in this setting is, at present, sufficiently low to render therapeutic failures, based on this parameter, highly improbable.

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To determine theoretical practice patterns and Medicaid practices in the management of persistent and recurrent otitis media by family physicians and pediatricians in Colorado.

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In an open trial children with suspected typhoid fever were randomized to receive either ofloxacin (10 mg/kg/day in two divided doses) for 5 days or cefixime (20 mg/kg/day in two divided doses) for 7 days.

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The antimicrobial activities of cefixime, cefpodoxime, and ceftibuten were determined with 18 ampicillin-susceptible (Amps), 13 ampicillin-resistant beta-lactamase-producing (AmprBLP), and 7 ampicillin-resistant non-beta-lactamase-producing (AmprNBLP) strains of Haemophilus influenzae. An effect of inoculum density on apparent MIC, the bactericidal activity of these agents, and the targets of the three cephems were determined. The MICs of cefixime, cefpodoxime, and ceftibuten for 90% of the Amps and AmprBLP isolates were 0.04, 0.08, and 0.08 microgram/ml, respectively. In contrast, the MICs for 90% of the AmprNBLP strains were 0.96, 1.92, and 7.68 micrograms/ml. No significant inoculum effect was observed for any group of strains comparing inocula of 10(3) and 10(5) CFU, whereas only the AmprNBLP isolates showed a marked effect at an inoculum of 10(6) CFU. Although bactericidal levels were achieved for the Amps and AmprBLP strains, tolerance to cefixime and ceftibuten was observed. The bactericidal activity for the AmprNBLP strains was limited, with cefixime showing the highest activity of the three cephems. Penicillin-binding proteins 2, 4, and 5 revealed high affinity, with 50% inhibitory concentration levels below the MIC for all three cephems, suggesting that these are important targets of these agents in H. influenzae. We conclude that the cephems are highly active in vitro against Amps and AmprBLP strains of H. influenzae, but less so against AmprNBLP isolates.

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Eighty children were enrolled in the study. Bacterial cultures of the conjunctiva were positive in 70% of children: Haemophilus influenzae (53.7%); Streptococcus pneumoniae (13.8%); H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae (1.2%); and Moraxella catarrhalis (1.3%). There were 7 (17.5%) bacteriologic failures among children receiving topical antibiotic and oral placebo and 15 (37.5%) bacteriologic failures among children receiving topical placebo and oral cefixime (P = 0.07 with Yates correction). There was no difference between study groups with regard to either clinical cure or the development of AOM. Nine children (11%), 5 who received active topical therapy and 4 who received active oral drug, developed AOM either during or within 15 days of study entry.

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A total number of 320 animals were sampled from January to December covering the wet and harmattan seasons. Samples were obtained from the hides and faeces of animals at slaughter. The ISO (ISO 16654:2001, Microbiology of food and animal feedingstuffs--horizontal method for the detection of Escherichia coli O157) method for enrichment and isolation of E. coli O157 incorporating selective enrichment using modified tryptone soya broth with novobiocin (mTSBn),immunomagnetic separation and plating on sorbitol-MacConkey agar with cefixime tellurite (CT-SMAC) was used. Overall cattle had a prevalence rate of 49.4% followed by sheep and goats with rates of 6.3% and 2.5%, respectively. There was a significant difference in carriage of E. coli O157 among two different cattle breeds.

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The aim of this work was to isolate and molecularly identify enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 in milk and dairy products in Libya, in addition; to clear the accuracy of cultural and biochemical identification as compared with molecular identification by partial sequencing of 16S rDNA for the existing isolates.

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Urinary tract infections (UTI) can cause acute morbidity and may result in severe problems, including hypertension and reduced renal function. Diagnosis of UTI is extremely important since prompt treatment may prevent damage. In the present study we compared the efficacy of oral cefixime to initial intramuscular ceftizoxime followed by cefixime for the treatment of UTI in children. Fifty-four children were studied. They were randomized to receive either oral cefixime 8 mg/kg/day for 10 days or initial intramuscular ceftizoxime (Cefizox) 50 mg/kg twice a day for 2 days followed by oral cefixime for 8 days. Treatment groups were comparable regarding age, sex, clinical, and laboratory findings. Escherichia coli was isolated from 80% of patients. Repeat urine cultures were sterile within 24 hours in all children. Cure rates were comparable in both groups (92% vs 86% at the end of treatment). No serious adverse effects were observed. We concluded that oral cefixime is a safe and effective alternative treatment.

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From 1994 through 1996-1997, high-level ciprofloxacin resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC], > or = 4.0 microg/mL) increased from 9% to 49% of gonococcal isolates recovered from consecutive female sex workers in Cebu and Manila, The Philippines (P < .01). During 1996-1997, 105 female sex workers with gonorrhea were prospectively randomized to receive treatment with oral ciprofloxacin, 500 mg, or cefixime, 400 mg, and followed for test of cure. Neisseria gonorrhoeae was reisolated within 28 days after treatment from 1 (3.8%) of 26 women given cefixime versus 24 (32.3%) of 72 women given ciprofloxacin (P < .01). Treatment failure (reisolation of pretreatment auxotype/serovar) occurred in 14 (46.7%) of 30 women infected with strains with MICs of ciprofloxacin > or = 4.0 microg/mL versus 1 (3.6%) of 28 infected by strains with MICs < 4.0 microg/mL (P < .01). High-level, clinically significant gonococcal resistance to ciprofloxacin has rapidly emerged in The Philippines, and spread of fluoroquinolone resistance through commercial sex poses a threat to control of gonorrhea and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

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cefixime drug information 2016-11-23

Over the previous 4 years, an increasing prevalence of azithromycin-resistant buy cefixime N. gonorrhoeae isolates with a multidrug-resistant phenotype was observed. Furthermore, the azithromycin-resistant isolates seemed to belong to 2 predominant STs. As a result, continued surveillance of gonococci resistant to antimicrobial agents, including azithromycin in Fukuoka, Japan, is necessary.

cefixime dosage days 2015-01-09

In Arkhangelsk, and presumably in many other areas of Russia, penicillins, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, azithromycin, kanamycin and tetracycline should not be used in the treatment of gonorrhoea if the results of antibiotic susceptibility testing are not available. In Russia, optimised, standardised and quality-assured antibiotic susceptibility testing needs to be established in many laboratories. Subsequently, continuous local, regional buy cefixime and national surveillance of antibiotic susceptibility is crucial to detect the emergence of new resistance, monitor changing patterns of susceptibility and be able to update treatment recommendations on a regular basis.

cefixime tablet 2015-03-07

Cefixime (Cfx), is a semi-synthetic third-generation oral cephalosporin antibiotic that is prescribed for the treatment of susceptible infections. There are some procedures for the determination of Cfx in pharmaceutical formulations and biological samples. Herein a spectrofluorimetric method was proposed for buy cefixime Cfx determination based on the fluorescence quenching of terbium-danofloxacin (Tb(3+)-Dano) in the presence of Cfx.

cefixime renal dosing 2016-03-31

A total of 574 samples were collected, out of which the most prevalent pathogens were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Almost all isolates of Enterobacteriaceae were resistant to ampicillin (98.8%), and the least resistance was to piperacillin (3.7%). In addition, most isolates were resistant to cefazolin, cefixime, and co-trimoxazole. Among third generation cephalosporins, the highest resistance to ceftriaxone and the least buy cefixime resistance to ceftizoxime were observed. 19.3% of isolates were resistant to imipenem. In terms of fluroquinolones, nosocomial infections and community acquired infections were resisitant to ciprofloxacin 33% and 4.1% respectively. The rate of resistance in nosocomial infections was higher than that of community-acquired infections.

cefixime with alcohol 2015-12-07

Patients with other bacterial infections had a relatively higher probability of infection with ESBL-producing and fluoroquinolone-resistant Klebsiella strains. The buy cefixime data presented here highlight the alarming state of Klebsiella infection dynamics in the hospital and adjoining communities.

cefixime tablets use 2017-02-27

The pharmacokinetics of the extended-half-life, broad-spectrum oral cephalosporin cefixime (CL 284,635; FK 027) were studied in 7 healthy volunteers and 35 patients with various degrees of renal insufficiency, including patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis. Apparent total body, renal, and apparent nondialysis-nonrenal clearances and protein binding declined and elimination half-life increased with decreasing creatinine clearance. All of these alterations became statistically significant as the creatinine clearance fell below 20 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Cefixime concentrations in urine exceeded the MICs for most urinary tract pathogens for up to 24 h postdose, even in patients with severe renal insufficiency. CAPD removed an insignificant fraction of cefixime body burden over the 72-h study period (1.57 +/- 0.60% [mean +/- the standard error of the mean]). Area under the curve data suggested that hemodialysis similarly removed an insignificant fraction of the cefixime body burden. Volume of distribution at steady state was not buy cefixime altered significantly by renal insufficiency. It is recommended that standard doses of cefixime be administered at extended intervals, especially in patients with creatinine clearances less than 20 ml/min per 1.73 m2. In addition, supplemental doses are not necessary during CAPD and at the end of hemodialysis.

cefixime reviews 2015-03-15

An open, multicenter non-comparative study was carried out in 8 centres in Italy to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of cefixime (Suprax - Lederle), a third generation oral cephalosporin administered once daily to patients affected by exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. All patients, 124 males and 21 females, aged between 50 and 85, were treated with Suprax at the dose of 400 mg/day for a mean period of 7.4 days. Clinical and laboratory examinations were performed at: T0 (beginning of treatment), T1 (3-4 days after the beginning of treatment), T2 (end of treatment). The following signs/symptoms were recorded in order to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy: sputum quality and quantity, cough, dyspnoea, fever, bronchospasm, chest clinical findings. All these signs and symptoms significantly improved (p between < 0.001 and < 0.05; mean improvement for sign, weighted for time of improvement). Bio-humoral parameters were also recorded in order to evaluate potential therapeutic influences. A significant decrease was observed (p < 0.01 Student buy cefixime t test for paired data) in the white blood cell count and the leukocyte formula. The datum regarding the white blood cell count and leukocyte formula is to be considered a primary effect of the treatment, proving its success. A microbiological search for the pathogen responsible for the infectious process was also performed: in 70/145 subjects the responsible pathogen was identified. The micro-organism was eradicate in 66/70 at T2 (94.3%), the difference T0 = T2 is significant. The X-Ray evidence suggesting a chronic bronchitis, was also evaluated in 81 patients. At T2, in 75/81 subjects the X-Ray evidence turned out to be negative, while in 6/81 it remained positive. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01 sign test). An overall clinical evaluation showed a therapeutic success in 133/145 treated patients (91.7%). No side effects were observed.

cefixime drug class 2016-06-13

Overall, 855 (41%) patients had either S. buy cefixime Typhi (n=581,28%) or S. Paratyphi A (n=274,13%) cultured from blood; 1,237 (59%) were culture negative. There were 139 (6.6%) treatment failures with one death. Except for the last trial with ceftriaxone, the fluoroquinolone gatifloxacin was associated with equivalent or better fever clearance times and lower treatment failure rates in comparison to all other antimicrobials. However, we additionally found the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) against fluoroquinolones have risen significantly since 2005 and were associated with increasing fever clearance times. Notably, all organisms were susceptible to ceftriaxone throughout the study period (2005-2014) and the MICs against azithromycin declined, confirming the utility of these alternative drugs for enteric fever treatment.

cefixime tablets usage 2016-02-25

Infectious pharyngotonsillitis is usually managed with antibiotics by general practitioners and pediatricians both in primary care and the emergency services. In the present work we try to assess the antibiotic variability and appropriateness in the management of acute pharyngotonsillitis among several emergency services in our country buy cefixime related to scientific evidence based in an expert panel criteria.

cefixime drug classification 2016-08-15

Typhoid fever remains a major health problem in developing countries. Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin emerged as the 1st-choice treatment of enteric fever, including typhoid, in the 1990s. Recently, Salmonella typhi strains with resistance to ciprofloxacin have been increasingly reported in several countries, although the fluoroquinolone-resistant clinical strain has not been reported in Indonesia. In the present study, we examined the drug susceptibility and the presence of gyrA mutations in 17 clinical strains of S. typhi isolated from Surabaya, Indonesia, in 2006 (9 strains) and 2008 (8 strains). Although all 9 isolates from 2006 were sensitive to all tested antibiotics and had no mutation in the gyrA gene, all 8 isolates from 2008 were resistant to nalidixic acid and ampicillin and had a gyrA mutation at codon 87. In addition, 3 of 8 strains from 2008 showed multiple drug resistance, including resistance to chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and ciprofloxacin. Therefore, buy cefixime newer drugs, such as ceftriaxone, cefixime, and azithromycin, might be effective in this situation. This is the 1st report of the emergence of fluoroquinolone-resistant clinical strains of S. typhi with a gyrA mutation, and it reveals a health risk due to multidrug-resistant strains in Indonesia.

cefixime drug 2016-11-04

Included trials were grouped by antibiotic used in the short course: (1) 15 short-acting oral antibiotic trials (penicillin V potassium, amoxicillin [-clavulanate], cefaclor, cefixime, cefuroxime, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefprozil), (2) 4 intramuscularceftriaxone sodium trials, and (3) 11 oral azithromycin trials. The summary odds ratio for treatment outcomes at 8 to 19 days in children treated with short-acting antibiotics for 5 days vs 8 to 10 days was 1.52 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17-1.98) but by 20 to 30 days outcomes between treatment groups were comparable (odds ratio, 1.22; 95% CI buy cefixime , 0.98 to 1.54). The risk difference (2.3%; 95% CI,-0.2% to 4.9%) at 20 to 30 days suggests that 44 children would need to be treated with the long course of short-acting antibiotics to avoid 1 treatment failure. This similarity in later outcomes was observed for up to 3 months following therapy (odds ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.90-1.50). Comparable outcomes were shown between treatment with ceftriaxone or azithromycin, and at least 7 days of other antibiotics.

cefixime pediatric dosing 2015-04-28

Drug utilisation studies have shown wide differences, among different countries, in the prescribing behaviour in general practice. In Italy, for instance, the choice of antibiotic prescription seems to show a wider use of parental antibiotic. Aim of this study was to describe antibiotic buy cefixime prescribing pattern and therapeutic doses used by Sicilian general practitioners (GPs) and evaluate their prescribing attitudes regarding the use of parental ones. Each practitioner had to fill a questionnaire for each therapeutic intervention ended with an antibiotic prescription during a period of 6 months. Diagnosis and drugs were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and to Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification (ATC), respectively. On 9395 prescriptions performed by 76 doctors of 25 Sicilian towns, the analysis indicated that acute respiratory symptoms represent the commonest indication (31.7%) for a medical consultation, and that Macrolides [such as azithromycin (8.8%) and clarithromycin (8.3%)], Penicillin [such as amoxycillin (7.1%%) and co-amoxiclav (8.4%)], III generation of Cephalosporins [such as cefixime (5.5%) and ceftriaxone (5.1%)] represent the most common used therapeutic groups. The choice of the route of administration was influenced by age of the patients and, more significantly, by symptoms and signs of the disease, rather than by bacteria suspected to cause the disease. In conclusion, our data clearly indicate lack of knowledge of antibacterial therapy guidelines among GPs in Sicily, as well as the need of an independent educational training in order to improve knowledge of antibiotics and to decrease the cost of the health care.

cefixime medication 2017-03-05

Bestatin [(2S,3R)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenylbutanoyl-L-leucine], a potent inhibitor of aminopeptidase B and leucine aminopeptidase, enhances the immune response to activate the defense mechanism of the living organism and suppresses the growth and metastasis of cancer. Bestatin has been effectively used by p.o. administration, but the mechanisms of intestinal absorption remain to be solved. The present study was undertaken to examine whether bestatin, a dipeptide containing an unusual amino acid, is transported via dipeptide carriers in intestinal brush-border membranes, by using cephradine as a probe for the H+/dipeptide cotransport system. The initial uptake of cephradine in the presence or absence of an inward H+ gradient, driving force, was inhibited by bestatin and this inhibition occurred in a competitive manner (Ki = 0.47 mM). The uptake of cephradine was stimulated by the countertransport effect of bestatin, the definitive criterion for ascertaining a common transport system. These findings indicate that bestatin, as well as cephradine and other p.o. cephalosporins, can be transported buy cefixime via dipeptide carriers in intestinal brush-border membranes.

cefixime tablets uses 2017-08-11

Antimicrobial resistance is universally recognized as a major problem. A European resistance survey was established to monitor the activity of widely used oral antibiotics against common respiratory tract pathogens. Studies were conducted in Italy, Spain and Austria to monitor resistance patterns among respiratory Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae to amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, penicillin, cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefalexin, cefprozil, cefuroxime, cefixime, ceftibuten, cefpodoxime, clarithromycin and azithromycin (the antibiotics tested varying slightly from country to country). Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined using the NCCLS-recommended broth microdilution method. Among the antibiotics buy cefixime tested, cefpodoxime, an oral cephalosporin, was remarkably active against the major respiratory pathogens in all three countries. Cefpodoxime was more potent than cefaclor, cefixime and ceftibuten against pneumococci, especially against strains with decreased sensitivity to penicillin, and more active than cefaclor and cefuroxime against Gram-negative respiratory pathogens. Pneumococci and staphylococci displayed a very high level of in vitro macrolide resistance. These data indicate that cefpodoxime represents an appropriate choice in the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infection in the three countries surveyed.

cefixime online 2015-02-14

Gonorrhoea and widely spread antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in its etiological agent Neisseria gonorrhoeae are major public health concerns worldwide. Hytrin 10 Mg Gonococcal AMR surveillance nationally and internationally, to identify emerging resistance and inform treatment guidelines, is imperative for public health purposes. In 2009, AMR surveillance was initiated in Belarus, Eastern Europe because no gonococcal AMR data had been available for at least two decades. Herein, the prevalence and trends of gonococcal AMR and molecular epidemiological characteristics of N. gonorrhoeae strains from 2010 to 2013 in Belarus, are described.

cefixime review 2017-01-20

The frequencies of isolation and susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents were investigated on 560 bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) in 9 hospitals during the period of June 1997 to May 1998. Of the above bacterial isolates, Gram-positive bacteria accounted for 29.3% and a majority of them were Enterococcus faecalis. Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 70.7% and most of them were Escherichia coli. Susceptibilities of several isolated bacteria to antimicrobial agents were as followed; 1. Enterococcus faecalis Ampicillin (ABPC) showed the highest activity against E. faecalis isolated from patients with UTIs. Its MIC90 was 1 microgram/ml. Imipenem (IPM) and vancomycin (VCM) were also active with the MIC90s of 2 micrograms/ml. The others had low activities with the MIC90s of 16 micrograms/ml or above. 2. Staphylococcus aureus including MRSA VCM and arbekacin (ABK) showed the highest activities against both S. aureus and MRSA isolated from patients with UTIs. The MIC90s of them were 1 microgram/ml. The others except minocycline (MINO) had low activities with the MIC90s of 32 micrograms/ml or above. More than a half of S. aureus strains (including MRSA) showed high susceptibilities to gentamicin (GM) and MINO, the MIC50s of 0.25 microgram/ml or 0.5 microgram/ Ceftin Antibiotic Dose ml. 3. Enterobacter cloacae IPM showed the highest activity against E. cloacae. The MICs for all strains were equal to or lower than 1 microgram/ml. The MIC90s of ciprofloxacin (CPFX) and tosufloxacin (TFLX) were 1 microgram/ml, the MIC90s of amikacin (AMK) and ofloxacin (OFLX) were 4 micrograms/ml, the MIC90 of GM was 16 micrograms/ml. Among E. cloacae strains, those with low susceptibilities to quinolones have decreased in 1997, compared with those in 1996. But the other drugs were not so active in 1997 as 1996. 4. Escherichia coli All drugs except penicillins were active against E. coli with the MIC90s of 8 micrograms/ml or below. Particularly, flomoxef (FMOX), cefmenoxime (CMX), cefpirome (CPR), cefozopran (CZOP), IPM, CPFX and TFLX showed the highest activities against E. coli with the MIC90s of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. 5. Klebsiella pneumoniae K. pneumoniae was susceptible to almost all the drugs except penicillins. Carumonam (CRMN) had the strongest activity with the MICs for all strains equal to or lower than 0.125 microgram/ml. FMOX, CPR, CZOP, CPFX and TFLX were also active with the MIC90s of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. The MIC90s of quinolones had changed into a better state in 1997, compared with those in 1996. 6. Proteus mirabilis Almost all the drugs except ABPC and MINO showed high activities against P. mirabilis. CMX, ceftazidime (CAZ), latamoxef (LMOX), CPR, cefixime (CFIX), cefpodoxime (CPDX) and CRMN showed the highest activities against P. mirabilis. The MICs of them for all strains were equal to or lower than 0.125 microgram/ml. CPFX and TFLX were also active with the MIC90s of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. 7. Pseudomonas aeruginosa The MIC90 of GM was 8 micrograms/ml, the MIC90s of AMK, IPM and meropenem (MEPM) were 16 micrograms/ml. The others were not so active against P. aeruginosa with the MIC90s of 32 micrograms/ml or above. The MIC90s of quinolones had changed into a lower state in 1997, compared with those in 1996. 8. Serratia marcescens IPM showed the highest activity against S. marcescens. Its MIC90 was 2 micrograms/ml. GM was also active with the MIC90 of 4 micrograms/ml. The MIC90s of the others were 16 micrograms/ml or above. The MIC50s of CRMN was 0.125 microgram/ml or below, the MIC50s of CPR and CZOP were 0.25 microgram/ml.

cefixime peds dosing 2015-03-31

A total of 259 clinical isolates of nonrepetitive non-typhi salmonellae (NTS) were examined for antibiotic resistance patterns and plasmid content. The antibiotics used were amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC), ampicillin (AM), aztreonam (ATM), carbenicillin (CB), cefixime (CFM), cefotaxime (CTX), cefoxitin (FOX), ceftazidime (CAZ), ceftriaxone (CRO), chloramphenicol (C), ciprofloxacin (CIP), gentamicin (GM), imipenem (IPM), ofloxacin (OFX), tetracycline (TE Atarax Tablets 50mg ), trimethoprim-sulfomethoxazole (SXT). Multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains comprised 19.3% of the total isolates (50/259) and almost all were S. typhimurium (49/50). Fifteen different patterns of resistance was observed, AM/CB/C/AMC/TE and AM/CB/C/AMC/SXT/GM/CTX/CRO/CAZ/CFM/ATM being the most frequent patterns. Twenty-eight out of 50 multiresistant isolates were found to contain at least one plasmid (mean five) and the size of the plasmids ranged between 1.7 and 158 kb. Plasmid profiles of multiresistant NTS strains were heterogenous as 21 different profiles were detected in a total of 28 plasmid-bearing isolates. No direct correlation was established between antibiotic resistance patterns and plasmid profiles.

cefixime dispersible tablets 2015-02-08

Antibiotic susceptibility testing and N. gonorrhoeae multiantigen sequence typing ( Lamictal Bipolar Dosage NG-MAST) were performed on 242 and 239 N. gonorrhoeae isolates, respectively, in Fukuoka, Japan in 2008.

cefixime 500 mg 2015-03-12

Complications are low in infants<3 months of age with UTI, especially in those ≥ 29 days of Suprax 400mg Tablets age. The identification of patients at very low risk for complications would allow a less aggressive management. Escherichia coli antibiotic susceptibility remains stable, but continuing careful surveillance is essential to optimize empirical antibiotic treatment.

cefixime drug cost 2017-04-09

The bacterial strains isolated from 490 patients diagnosed as having urinary tract infections (UTIs) in 14 institutions in Japan were collected between August 2004 and July 2005. The susceptibilities of them to many kinds of antimicrobial agents were measured. Of them, 577 strains were estimated as causative bacteria and used for the measurement. The strains consisted of 156 gram-positive bacterial strains (27.0%) and 421 gram-negative bacterial strains (73.0%). Against Staphylococcus aureus, arbekacin (ABK), vancomycin (VCM) showed the strongest activity and prevented the growth of all strains with 2 microg/mL. Against Enterococcus faecalis, ampicillin (ABPC) and VCM showed a strong antibacterial activity. The antibacterial activity of cephems to Lopressor 20 Mg Escherichia coli was generally good, and especially cefozopran (CZOP) and cefpirome (CPR) showed the strongest activity (MIC90: < or = 125 microg/mL). Quinolone resistant E. coli [MIC of ciprofloxacin (CPFX): > or = 4 microg/mL] was detected at frequency of 18.8%, which was higher than that in the last year. Against Klebsiella pneumoniae, CZOP, meropenem (MEPM), and carumonam (CRMN) showed the strongest activity and prevented the growth of all strains with 0.125 microg/mL or less. The antibacterial activity of the other cephems was relatively good, and decrease in their activity observed in the last year study was not recognized. Against Serratia marcescens, imipenem (IPM) and gentamicin (GM) had the strongest antibacterial activity. Against Proteus mirabilis, CRMN showed the strongest activity and prevented the growth of all strains with 0.125 microg/mL or less. MEPM prevented the growth of all strains with 0.25 microg/mL. Next, cefmenoxime (CMX), ceftazidime (CAZ), CZOP, cefixime (CFIX), cefpodoxime (CPDX), and cefditoren (CDTR) showed a strong activity. The antibacterial activity of the drugs to Pseudomonas aeruginosa was generally low, and MIC90 of all the drugs was ranged from 32 to > 128 microg/mL except IPM and MEPM having 16 microg/mL. The antibacterial activities of CZOP and CAZ were considered to be relatively good on MIC50 comparison (MIC50: 2 microg/mL).

cefixime 200mg capsule 2017-10-02

The frequencies of isolation and susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents were investigated on 680 bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) in 10 hospitals during the period of June 1996 to May 1997. Of the above bacterial isolates, Gram-positive bacteria accounted for 30.4% and a majority of them were Enterococcus faecalis. Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 69.6% and most of them were Escherichia coli. Susceptabilities of several isolated bacteria to antimicrobial agents were as followed; 1. Enterococcus faecalis Ampicillin (ABPC) showed the highest activity against E. faecalis isolated from patients with UTIs. Its MIC90 was 1 microgram/ml. Imipenem (IPM) and vancomycin (VCM) were also active with the MIC90S of 2 micrograms/ml. The others had low activities with the MIC90S of 16 micrograms/ml or above. 2. Staphylococcus aureus including MRSA Arbekacin (ABK) and VCM showed the highest activities against both S. aureus and MRSA isolated from patients with UTIs. The MIC90S of them were 1 or 2 micrograms/ml. The others except minocycline (MINO) had low activities with the MIC90S of 32 micrograms/ml or above. 3. Staphylococcus epidermidis ABK and VCM showed the strongest activities against S. epidermis isolated from patients with UTIs. The MICs for all strains were equal to or lower than 2 micrograms/ml. Cefazolin (CEZ), cefotiam (CTM) and cefozopran (CZOP) were also active with the MIC90S of 4 micrograms/ml. Compared with antimicrobial activities of cephems is 1995, the MIC90S of them had changed into a better state. They ranged from 4 micrograms/ml 16 micrograms/ml in 1996. 4. Streptococcus agalactiae All drugs except MINO were active against S. agalactiae. ABPC, CZOP, IPM, and clarithromycin (CAM) showed the highest activities. The MICs for all strains were equal to or lower than 0.125 micromilligrams. Tosufloxacin (TFLX) and VCM were also active with the MIC90S of 0.5 micromilligrams. 5. Citrobacter freundii Gentamicin (GM) showed the highest activity against C. freundii isolated from patients with UTIs. Its MIC90 was 0.5 micrograms/ml. IPM and amikacin (AMK) were also active with the MIC90S of 1 microgram/ml and 2 micrograms/ml, respectively. Cefpirome (CPR) and CZOP were also active with the MIC90S of 8 micrograms/ml. The MIC90S of the others were 16 micrograms/ml or above. 6. Enterobacter cloacae IPM showed the highest activity against E. cloacae. The MICs for all strains were equal to or lower than 0.5 Effexor Max Dosage microgram/ml. The MIC90S of ciprofloxacin (CPFX) and TFLX were 1 microgram/ml, the MIC90 of AMK was 2 micrograms/ml, the MIC90S of CZOP, GM and ofloxacin (OFLX) were 4 micrograms/ml. The MIC50S of cephems except CEZ, cefmetazole (CMZ) and cefaclor (CCL) had changed into a better state in 1996, compared with those in 1995. 7. Escherichia coli All drugs except penicillins and MINO were active against E. coli. Particularly CPR, CZOP and IPM showed the highest activities against E. coli. The MIC90S of them were 0.125 microgram/ml or below. Among E. coli strains, those with low susceptibilities to cephems except CEZ, cefoperazone (CPZ), latamoxef (LMOX) and CCL have increased in 1996, compared with those in 1995. 8. Klebsiella pneumoniae K. pneumoniae was susceptible to all drugs except penicillins, with the MIC90S of 2 micrograms/ml or below. CPR had the strongest activity, the MICs for all strains were equal to or lower than 0.25 microgram/ml. Flomoxef (FMOX), cefixime (CFIX), CZOP and carumonam (CRMN) were also active with the MIC90S of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. 9. Pseudomonas aeruginosa All drugs except quinolones were not so active against P. aeruginosa with the MIC90S were 32 micrograms/ml or above. Quinolones were more active in 1996 than 1995. The MIC90S of them were between 4 micrograms/ml and 8 micrograms/ml, and the MIC50S of them were between 1 microgram/ml and 2 micrograms/ml. 10. Serratia marcescens GM showed the highest activity against S. marcescens. Its MIC90 was 1 micro

cefixime 75 mg 2016-02-18

The combination of 6-h enrichment in Gram-negative broth containing vancomycin, cefixime and cefsuludin, large volume IMS and selective plating on Motrin Baby Dose TCA maximized STEC O157 recovery from naturally contaminated cattle faecal specimens.

cefixime uti dosage 2016-09-21

AMR testing data from gonorrhea cases were combined with demographic and risk behavior information collected through surveillance to describe trends Paracetamol Overdose Signs and sequential changes to treatment guidelines.

cefixime tablets 200mg 2017-11-19

Cefixime, a broad-spectrum, orally active cephalosporin, was more active in vitro than ampicillin, cefaclor, cephalothin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole against 194 nosocomial pathogens of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Activity was especially good against Klebsiella spp, Proteus spp, Serratia spp, and Providencia stuartii. Although gentamicin had equivalent or better activity against Citrobacter spp, Enterobacter spp, Escherichia coli, and Morganella morganii, all 23 of the gentamicin-resistant strains studied were susceptible to cefixime. Isolates tested were from urinary tract infections, abdominal infections, wounds, vascular infections, and respiratory infections; they were sequentially collected nosocomial pathogens from a single institution. This orally active cephalosporin should be considered for therapy of a variety of nosocomial infections Levaquin 900 Mg involving gram-negative bacillary pathogens.

cefixime tablet dosis 2015-02-06

Between August 1996 and May 1998, a total of 62 patients who had complicated urinary tract infections treated at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital were enrolled into this study. This prospective, randomized, open-labeled trial aimed at comparing the efficacy and safety of ceftibuten and cefixime, prescribed each at a dose of 200 mg twice daily, in treating complicated urinary tract infection. Seventeen patients were later excluded from the analysis because of resistant pathogens (7 patients), uncomplicated urinary tract infection (6), initial culture negative for bacteria (3), and infective endocarditis (1). The remaining 45 patients were categorized into ceftibuten (n=23; mean age, 71.3 years) and cefixime (n=22; mean age, 62.8 years) treatment groups. No significant difference in demographic data and clinical characteristics was found between the 2 groups. The clinical efficacy rate (78.3% vs 77.3%, p=0.9) and bacteriological eradication rate (52.2% vs 63.6%, p=0.08) were similar between the ceftibuten and the cefixime group. Adverse effects caused by ceftibuten treatment included diarrhea and slight elevation of the serum level of liver transaminase in 2 (6.5%) patients. Those caused by cefixime treatment included slight elevation of serum level of liver transaminase in 2 (6.5%) patients and skin rash in 1 (3.2%) patient. All of these adverse effects resolved quickly after the regimen had been completed, and no patient discontinued the regimen because of the adverse effects. The results suggest that oral administration of ceftibuten 200 mg twice daily is as effective and safe as oral administration of cefixime 200 mg twice daily in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections.

cefixime dry syrup 2017-07-28

In this cross-sectional study, 100 strains of E. coli were isolated from patients with Urinary tract infection. After diagnosis of bacteria, genomes were extracted. Then, presence of integron class 1 was evaluated by using PCR. Antibiotic susceptibility testing method, the micro dilution broth was performed according to the standard CLSI2010. Data were analyzed using SPSS16 software.

cefixime capsules dissolution 2016-04-25

We report 4 urogenital Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates recovered from 3 patients that demonstrated resistance to penicillin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin and reduced susceptibility to cefixime. This report of the first 3 patients in the United States identified with this multidrug-resistant strain may portend an emerging problem for clinicians and public health officials.