Generic Imdur is an effective medication which helps in the treatment of angina attacks. Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic Imdur is a perfect remedy, which helps to treat angina attacks.
Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
Imdur is also known as Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic name of Generic Imdur is Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Brand names of Generic Imdur are Imdur, ISMO, Monoket.
Take Generic Imdur tablets orally with or without food.
Do not crush or chew it.
Take Generic Imdur at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Imdur and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Imdur are difficult or slow breathing, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high temperature, fainting, abnormal heartbeat, changes in vision, flushing, convulsions, severe throbbing migraine, lightheadedness.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Imdur are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you are allergic to Generic Imdur components.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby.
Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you take dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45); or any other heart medicines, especially those used to treat high blood pressure or irregular heartbeats.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you suffer from or have a history of congestive heart failure, have low blood pressure; a stroke, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke), have anemia; have an allergy to nitrates; have closed-angle glaucoma; migraines, kidney disease; liver disease, heart attack, a serious head injury.
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Be very careful when you are driving machine.
Do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
imdur drug information
A clinically effective dose of metoprolol had potentially positive effects on HRV with increase in vagal and decrease in sympathetic tone while IS-5-MN had no effect on HRV, neither positive nor negative, neither alone nor in combination with metoprolol.
imdur 100 mg
Tolerance to nitroglycerin is associated with increased free radical production and abnormal endothelial function. To date, no data is available concerning the effect of IS-5-MN, administered in clinically employed dosages, on endothelial function in humans.
imdur 120 mg
The effects of the two treatment regimens on pain index and number of additional sublingual nitrate tablets required were not different. However, based on the New York Heart Association (NYHA) angina classification, patients improved better on the once-daily than on the multiple-dose regimen: by > 1 category in 281 vs 62 of the patients (P < 0.0001); mobility and psychological distress indices also improved (P = 0.006, and P = 0.007).
imdur 40 mg
Amlodipine, with its intrinsically long half-life alone or together with beta-blocker, is likely to produce superior ischemia reduction in clinical practice when patients frequently forget to take medication or dose irregularly.
imdur dosage range
Two types of the changes were revealed. Type I (n = 14): high GC basal activity and low activity before the treatment with normalization of all the parameters after the treatment. Type II (n = 6): initially normal basal activity and GC activation with their lowering after the treatment. MR in a single daily dose 50 mg given for 12 weeks has improved morphofunctional cardiac parameters with a reduction of left ventricular volume, a 8.3% increase in the ejection fraction and a 117% increase in exercise tolerance. GC activity inhibition was recorded in some cases, in angina class III, in particular. In patients with normalization of GC activity the response was higher than in those who demonstrated inhibition of GC activity.
imdur 5 mg
To study the circadian variation of cardiac performance in patients with coronary heart disease, three exercise tests on a bicycle ergometer were performed during the active part of the day (10 a.m., 2 p.m. and 6 p.m.), recording ST-segment depression and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. Ten male patients with angiographically documented coronary heart disease underwent bicycle ergometry during placebo and during nitrate therapy (placebo controlled, double-blind crossover 2 x 20 mg IS-5-MN and 1 x 120 mg ISDN sustained release). During placebo as well as during nitrate therapy there was a gradual decrease of cardiac performance during the day, documented by the increase in ST-depression and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure at equal work loads. High nitrate concns led to a significant reduction of both ST-depression and preload with a marked circadian-phase dependency of cardiovascular effects.
imdur dose conversion
Diltiazem is widely used to prevent radial artery spasm after coronary bypass grafting (CABG). However, recent in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that nitroglycerin is a superior conduit vasodilator compared to diltiazem. A clinical comparison of these agents in patients undergoing CABG has not been previously performed.
imdur and alcohol
Vaginal administration of prostaglandin analogues as well as nitric oxide donors before first-trimester surgical abortion has been shown to induce effective cervical ripening. In addition, nitric oxide donors, such as isosorbide mononitrate and nitroglycerin, have been associated with a patient-friendly side-effect profile when administered 3 h before the surgical procedure. We wanted to compare the cervical ripening effect and possible side effects of isosorbide mononitrate and the prostaglandin analogue misoprostol when self-administered at bedtime the evening before surgical abortion.
imdur bid dosing
Both carvedilol and propranolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate significantly decreased cardiac index, heart rate, and HVPG. The magnitude of changes in HVPG observed between the basal and after drugs administration was greater in patients receiving carvedilol than in those receiving propranolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (-18.6 +/- 3.6%vs-10.1 +/- 3.6%, p < 0.05). Hepatic blood flow increased following carvedilol administration but remained unchanged in patients receiving propranolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate. The magnitude of decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP) did not differ between the two groups of patients.
imdur tablets 60mg
The aquaporin (AQP) water channel is expected to play a decisive role of hyponatremia and water retention in cirrhotic patients. Despite the importance of the water channel, however, previous findings vary widely when it concerns AQP2 of the kidneys in subjects with cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of AQP2 in the distal renal tubule in cirrhosis, and the presence of the nitric oxide-AQP2 signaling pathway as a possible vasopressin-aquaporin-independent pathway. Sixty male Wister rats were assigned to six groups: (1) control; (2) TAA (thioacetamide); (3) TAA with nitric oxide donor; (4) TAA with nitric oxide inhibitor; (5) TAA with HMG CoA reductase inhibitor; (6) TAA with tetrahydrobiopterin. Immunohistochemical staining for AQP2, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for AQP2 and 3, citrulline assay, and renal cGMP concentration were measured. The AQP2-positivity of cirrhotic rats were higher than the controls (P < 0.05). The AQP2-positivity decreased in the nitric oxide donor group, but the proportion rose back up when the subjects were injected with the nitric oxide inhibitor (P < 0.05). The expression of AQP2 and AQP3 mRNA was also found to show an increase in the cirrhotic group as compared with the normal controls (P < 0.05). The cirrhotic group administered with nitric oxide donor showed a significant decline in the expression of the mRNA. The control group's cGMP concentration was lower than that of the cirrhotic group (P < 0.05), but a comparison of the two groups injected with nitric oxide modulators, such as statin and BH4, did not show significant differences in the cGMP concentration level. The expression of AQP2 of the kidneys increased in the cirrhotic rats. AQP2 had relations to the activity changes of nitric oxide synthetase.
imdur user reviews
The purpose of the two double-blind studies summarized in this article was to compare the antianginal and anti-ischemic effects of nicorandil with those of two different nitrate preparations. A total of 129 patients with stable New York Heart Association functional class II or III coronary heart disease were enrolled in the studies. Ninety-five patients received nicorandil, 34 received isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), and 63 received isosorbide-5-mononitrate (MN). In study 1, nicorandil was compared with MN in a crossover design with 54 protocols eligible for efficacy assessment of MN and 52 eligible for nicorandil, respectively. Twenty milligrams of nicorandil and 20 mg MN administered b.i.d. for 4 weeks were equally effective in the treatment of stress-induced angina. Both drugs prolonged bicycle exercise tolerance and reduced weekly anginal attack rates. In study 2, nicorandil and ISDN were administered to two parallel groups of patients at a dose of 10 mg t.i.d. for 2 weeks and then 20 mg t.i.d. for 4 weeks. Under the assumption that the repetitive administration of nitrates with short dosing intervals might induce the development of tolerance to the nitrate mechanism of action, the t.i.d.-dosing regimen had been chosen in this study. Thirty-two protocols from those receiving nicorandil and 34 protocols from those receiving ISDN were eligible for efficacy assessment. Both drugs increased exercise capacity and reduced ST-segment depression at identical work loads with no significant difference between groups (p > 0.05). For both drugs, the higher doses were more effective than the lower doses. tolerance to the nitrate mechanism of action did not develop with either drug.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
imdur 60mg tablets
Ten patients with stable angina pectoris were given Hartone 2 caps twice daily for 6 weeks and 1 cap twice daily for the next 6 weeks. Haematological and biochemical investigations to assess safety were carried out on day 0, day 42 and day 84. Serum lipid profile was done before and after therapy. Efficacy was assessed by considering the reduction in the number of anginal episodes and improvement in stress test. The results were compared with 10 patients of stable angina pectoris on isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) 20 mg twice daily.
imdur 180 mg
At the end of therapy, the fissures were healed in 80% of actively treated patients compared with 22% of the control group. There was a mean reduction of 28% in mean resting anal pressure. Two actively treated patients (20%) suffered from mild headache relieved with oral analgesics and menthol lozenges. Faecal incontinence was not observed. There were no recurrences during at least 3 months of follow-up.
imdur drug category
Recently the possibility that nitrates inhibit platelet function in man has been explored in vitro and in vivo. We have studied the effect of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN), a stable and long-acting organic nitrate, on platelet function in vivo. Given orally within the current therapeutic range, the drug has practically no effect on platelet aggregation nor thromboxane generation in platelet-rich plasma in response to ADP, collagen, arachidonate, epinephrine and PAF. Synergistic effects of prostacyclin and ISMN on inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation have been observed. Thus, local inhibition of platelet aggregation might not have been detectable, due to the short half-life in vitro of prostacyclin.
imdur drug class
The two dosage regimens were equally efficient for the relief of angina pectoris without development of tolerance. Thirty percent of the patients never experienced headache from the given dosages. In the remainder of them there was a highly significant time effect: the overall numbers of headache attacks in the first period of active treatment versus the second were 2,380 vs 1,400 (P < 0.003). Yet significantly fewer patients had headache on low dosage than on high dosage (45 vs 57, P < 0.02).
imdur er dosage
One hundred and seven women with term pregnancies referred for induction of labor with Bishop scores of 6 or less were randomly allocated to receive either a 40-mg IMN tablet vaginally (n = 55) or 50 microg misoprostol vaginally (n = 52) every 6 h for a maximum of three doses. They were sent to the labor ward for amniotomy or oxytocin if either their Bishop scores were more than 6 or their cervices were not ripe 24 h after the treatment. Adverse effects, progress, and outcomes of labor were assessed.
imdur drug interactions
NO regulates bone remodeling in cellular and animal models. We examined the effect of administering ISMO, a NO donor, on bone turnover in 144 postmenopausal women. After 3 months, women randomized to ISMO had a greater decrease in bone resorption and a greater increase in bone formation compared with placebo. NO donors may prevent postmenopausal bone loss.
Propranolol plus prazosin has a greater portal pressure-lowering effect than propranolol plus ISMN. Both therapies were safe for liver and renal function. However, the combination of propranolol plus prazosin caused a greater decrease in arterial pressure and was less well tolerated than propranolol plus ISMN.
Patients with viral cirrhosis were randomly assigned to receive an oral administration of carvedilol of 25 mg (n = 11) or an oral administration of propranolol 40 mg plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate 20 mg (n = 11). Hemodynamic values were measured at basal and 90 min after drugs administration.
imdur pill picture
A review was made of all known published data on the use of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (5-ISMN) in chronic stable angina pectoris, and efficacy in terms of exercise testing (bicycle or treadmill) was assessed. Adequate documentation for effectiveness for 12 h with steady-state treatment (2 weeks) of 5-ISMN in immediate-release tablets is available only with a dosage of 20 mg twice daily, taken 7 h apart. For other dosage regimens, efficacy has been documented for 2 or at most 4 h duration after dose intake. Immediate-release tablets of 40 mg are effective only for 2 h in steady-state treatment. These data suggest that tolerance develops to some immediate-release tablet regimens. A satisfactory explanation for this is still lacking. The possibility that a rapid plasma level rise is conducive to tolerance development needs to be tested. Extended-release tablets in strengths from 30 to 100 mg are effective for 12 h after the first dose. In steady-state treatment of 3--6 weeks' duration, 12-h efficacy has been shown only for one brand of extended-release 5-ISMN (Imdur((R))) in doses ranging from 60 to 240 mg taken once daily in the morning. Currently, the best explanation to the maintained efficacy with long-term extended-release 5-ISMN is that the plasma level profile allows for a sufficiently low organic nitrate level for a sufficiently long uninterrupted fraction of the dosage interval, occurring during the night when tablet intake is once daily in the morning. Twice daily dosage every 12 h of extended-release 5-ISMN tablets causes tolerance development. Tolerability is similar for both types of tablets, and overall it is excellent. Headache is a common symptom at initiation of treatment but wanes quickly. No rebound effect in the nitrate-low period has been noted with either regimen. Few well-controlled studies have addressed quality of life efficacy, that is, the influence of symptoms and signs of daily life. Many trials of those reviewed were of suboptimal design, and conclusions were often overstated.
The objective of the present study was to develop a novel in vitro system to simulate the process of dissolution and permeation of oral solid dosage forms in vivo, and to establish a correlation between in vitro permeation and in vivo absorption that could predict the bioavailability (BA) and bioequivalence (BE) of congeneric products. The in vitro dissolution and absorption kinetics of four dosage forms of isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) were evaluated by the USP basket/paddle system and drug dissolution/absorption simulating system (DDASS). The corresponding pharmacokinetic study was performed in beagle dogs. A comparative study was carried out between the classical and the novel method to estimate the effectiveness of the modified DDASS in simulating the course of dissolution and absorption in vivo. Indeed, the correlation coefficients of in vitro dissolution and in vivo absorption obtained from DDASS and dogs were higher. Moreover, a higher level A in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) between DDASS permeation and dog absorption was established, with correlation coefficients of 0.9968, 0.9872, 0.9921, and 0.9728. The DDASS method was more accurate at modeling the process of dissolution and absorption in vivo for both immediate-release (IR) and sustained-release (SR) dosage forms of ISMN.
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