Lopid is an effective medication which helps to fight with high levels of serum triglycerides. Lopid acts by reducing the production of triglycerides in the liver. It is fibrates.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Gemfibrozil.
Lopid target is to fight against high levels of serum triglycerides.
Lopid acts by reducing the production of triglycerides in the liver. It is fibrates.
Generic name of Lopid is Gemfibrozil.
Brand name of Lopid is Lopid.
Take Lopid tablets orally.
Take Lopid twice a day with water at the same time.
Do not crush or chew it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Lopid suddenly.
If you overdose Lopid and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Lopid overdosage: arthralgia, muscle pain, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea.
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Protect from light and humidity. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Lopid are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Lopid if you are allergic to Lopid components.
Do not take Lopid if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.
Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.
Be careful with Lopid if you are taking cholesterol-lowering medications (statins) such as atorvastatin (Lipitor), fluvastatin (Lescol), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), and simvastatin (Zocor); and repaglinide (Prandin), anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin).
Be careful with Lopid if you suffer from or have a history of kidney, liver, gallbladder disease.
Do not stop taking Lopid suddenly.
lopid 160 mg
We performed a systematic review of trials that randomly assigned participants to receive statins or fibrates versus an alternative therapy for a minimum of 6 months. Trials were identified by searching five electronic databases and the reference lists of eligible publications. Unpublished data were solicited from trial investigators and pharmaceutical companies. A meta-analysis was performed using a fixed-effects model, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate pooled treatment effects. All statistical tests were two-sided.
lopid 450 mg
Extended-release niacin (niacin ER) is a once-daily prescription niacin formulated to limit flushing. An analysis of flushing events with niacin ER should facilitate its clinical use.
lopid starting dose
A U-shaped association was detected between alcohol consumption and CHD. The protection was found both in subjects with low (mean 0.94 mmol L-1) and normal (mean 1.25 mmol L-1) HDLc with corresponding reductions of 23% and 36% in relative risks. In contrast to previous data, alcohol offered virtually no protection against CHD in non-smokers. In subjects consuming more than 800 g pure ethanol annually, the CHD incidence was 6/1000 in subjects with more than three weekly drinking occasions, compared to 11/1000 in 'weekend' drinkers.
lopid 200 mg
Effects on triglyceride (TG), autoantibodies to oxidized LDL, LDL pattern and resistance to oxidative modification.
lopid gemfibrozil dose
Therapy with fenofibrate, bezafibrate, and ciprofibrate may induce renal dysfunction. Gemfibrozil appears to be devoid of this side-effect.
Thirty subjects, 5 normotriglyceridemic (NTG) with low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C < 35 mg/dl) and 25 hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) with low and high HDL-C (HDL-C > 35 mg/dl) were selected fo this study. They were treated with gemfibrozil (600 mg BID) for 12 weeks. In both groups, gemfibrozil significantly reduced serum TG levels (p < 0.005), yet HDL-C increased significantly only in HTG patients (p < 0.005). The changes in HDL-C levels were highly variable (-40 to 50%) and appeared to be dependent on the levels of serum TG achieved during treatment. Based on post-treatment serum TG, the HTG patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 with serum TG of < 100 mg/dL and Group 2 with serum TG levels > 100 mg/dl. Significant post treatment increases in HDL-C were seen only in Group 1 (p < 0.005). The two groups had similar pretreatment serum TG and HDL-C levels but the LDL-C was significantly higher in Group 1 (p < 0.025). Pretreatment serum LDL-C also correlated positively with the increases in HDL-C during treatment (r = 0.51, p < 0.01, n = 25). Consequently, the patients were divided into three groups based on their initial serum LDL-C levels (Group 1: LDL-C < 130 mg/dl. Group 2: LDL-C, 130-159 mg/dl and Group 3: LDL-C > 160 mg/dl). The HDL-C levels increased significantly upon treatment only in Group 3. Pretreatment levels of serum TG and HDL-C were not significantly different among the three groups. Initial body weight (r = -0.43 p < 0.025, n = 30) and percent change in body weight during treatment (r = -0.47, p < 0.025, n = 30) correlated negatively with the percent reduction in serum TG. The change in body weight also showed significant negative correlation with the changes in HDL cholesterol (r = -0.48, p < 0.25, n = 30). We conclude that gemfibrozil is most effective in reducing serum triglycerides, LDL-C and increasing serum HDL-cholesterol in HTG patients who also have comparatively high initial LDL cholesterol levels (Fredrickson's type IIb phenotype). For effective improvement of HDL-cholesterol in most HTG patients, serum TG levels need to be lowered below 100 mg/dl. Furthermore, the benefit of gemfibrozil therapy may be significantly enhanced by weight loss during treatment.
lopid drug information
The effects of gemfibrozil on several indices of haemostatic activity were explored in male patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Sixty-three of 71 patients completed a crossover study in which gemfibrozil 1,200 mg/day and matching placebo were each taken in randomised order for 2 months in a double-blind manner, separated by a 2-month washout period. Serum cholesterol decreased by an average (95% confidence interval) of 12 (9 to 15)% and non-fasting triglyceride concentration by 43 (34 to 51)% during active treatment. Plasma prothrombin fragment F1 + 2 concentration, a marker of the in vivo rate of generation of thrombin, was 25 (12 to 37)% lower on average while on gemfibrozil than during the placebo phase. Factor VII coagulant activity (VIIc) and antigen concentration, and fibrinopeptide A concentration were not influenced by gemfibrozil in the group overall. However, the VIIc response appeared to be dependent upon the untreated cholesterol level. Hypercholesterolaemic men (cholesterol greater than 6.5 mmol/l) experienced a significant reduction in VIIc averaging 6% of standard during active therapy. Other effects of gemfibrozil were a 5 (2 to 9)% increase in plasma fibrinogen by a gravimetric method, an 11 (8 to 13)% increase in platelet count, and a 6 (2 to 10)% reduction in white cell count. The reduced incidence of CHD following gemfibrozil therapy in hyperlipidaemic patients may arise in part through a reduction in procoagulant activity and thus the risk of an occlusive coronary thrombosis.
Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem and often coexists with hypertension and dyslipidaemia. A prescription-based survey was conducted to examine the use of antidiabetic, antihypertensive and lipid lowering drugs in a hospital diabetes clinic. The expenditure incurred was also evaluated.
lopid 600 dosage
The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which the CYP2C8*3 allele influences pharmacokinetic variability in the drug-drug interaction between gemfibrozil (CYP2C8 inhibitor) and pioglitazone (CYP2C8 substrate).
lopid user reviews
The conventional methods of treatment of severe hypertriglyceridemia are dietary restriction and lipid lowering medications, mainly fibric acid derivatives. In the medical literature, use of insulin infusion to treat hypertriglyceridemia has not been highlighted sufficiently. We report a 53-year-old male who presented with a four-day history of epigastric pain. The patient's clinical history was significant for hypertriglyceridemia, type-2 diabetes mellitus with medication noncompliance, obesity, status post-gastric bypass surgery, and alcohol abuse with prior admissions for detoxification. Physical examination revealed mild epigastric tenderness. Laboratory studies revealed severely elevated serum triglyceride (TG) level (8116 mg/dL). Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen exhibited no evidence of pancreatitis. Regular insulin infusion was started at 3 U/h and gradually increased to 7-10 U/h. Dextrose infusion was titrated to avoid hypoglycemia and maintain blood glucose levels below 150 mg/dL. Gemfibrozil and niacin were also started. After 24 hours, his TG levels were decreased to 2501 mg/dL. Insulin infusion was continued for about 48 hours. A low carbohydrate diet excluding simple carbohydrates was given. The patient's serum TG levels normalized over a period of one month. Thus insulin infusion can be considered a safe modality of treatment for rapid reduction of serum TG in addition to fibrates and niacin.
lopid 40 mg
A sensitive and specific method for the determination of 5-(2,5-dimethylphenoxy)-2,2-dimethyl-pentanoic acid (gemfibrozil, Gevilon) at therapeutic concentrations in plasma is described. The method is based on high performance liquid chromatography and the use of ibuprofen as internal standard. Gemfibrozil and the internal standard are extracted from acidified plasma into cyclohexane and the resulting residue is analyzed on a commercial reversed phase column with acetonitrile/water 1:1 and 0.2% phosphoric acid as mobile phase. The eluted peaks are detected by UV-absorption at 225 nm. The sensitivity is approx. 50 ng/ml plasma using a 0.5-ml sample. The applicability to pharmacokinetic studies of gemfibrozil is demonstrated.
We searched the Cochrane Renal Group's Specialised Register (to 18 March 2013) through contact with the Trials Search Co-ordinator using search terms relevant to this review.
lopid medication dosage
lopid 800 mg
The risks of muscle adverse events related to use of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, increase significantly with the addition of interacting drugs to a patient's therapy. The mechanism for most statin drug interactions involves the cytochrome P-450 system, which provides an indication of which drugs may interact. However, it is difficult to predict the probability of a drug interaction in a given patient because there are individual differences in sensitivity to increased statin drug levels. Drug metabolism studies show simvastatin and lovastatin to be especially sensitive to the inhibiting effects of other drugs on the cytochrome P-450 3A4 (CYP3A4) isoenzyme. Atorvastatin metabolism is less affected by inhibitors of this isoenzyme. Case reports, postmarketing surveillance, and clinical trial data demonstrate the clinical effect of CYP3A4 inhibitors on statins. Also, through possible inhibition of statin biliary excretion and glucuronidation, gemfibrozil given concomitantly with rosuvastatin, lovastatin, and simvastatin significantly increases the risk of myopathy and rhabdomyolysis, a potentially life-threatening consequence of statin drug interactions.
lopid 60 mg
Reclaimed water is increasingly used to supplement water resources. However, reclaimed water has a complex matrix, which includes emerging chemical contaminants, that is introduced to the soil when this water is used for irrigation. The effects of microbial activity, dissolved matter, nutrients, and particulate matter in reclaimed water on half-life of 11 pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in soil were investigated with 7 treatment waters, namely swine lagoon effluent (either unaltered, sterilized, or filtered and sterilized) and nanopure water (either unaltered or with added nitrogen, phosphorus, or potassium). The extractable residues of the parent PPCPs were measured over 35 d. Lagoon microbial activity was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) related to increased half-life of 4 PPCPs (carbamazepine, fluoxetine, ibuprofen, sulfamethoxazole) by 14-74%, and to decreased half-life of 3 others (caffeine, gemfibrozil, naproxen) by 13-25%. The presence of lagoon dissolved matter was significantly correlated with a 20-110% increase in half-life for 6 PPCPs (caffeine, estrone, gemfibrozil, ibuprofen, naproxen, triclocarban). However, lagoon particulate matter was significantly correlated with 9-52% decrease in half-life for these same compounds, as well as trimethoprim. The levels of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium in the lagoon effluent were not significantly related to half-life for most PPCPs, except caffeine. Overall, specific components of reclaimed water matrix had different effects on the soil half-lives of PPCPs, suggesting that the composition of reclaimed water needs to be considered when evaluating PPCP fate after land application.
In 148 patients, gemfibrozil was started before an HMG was added. The pretreatment total cholesterol level fell from 222 +/- 34 mg/dL to 181 +/- 26 mg/dL (P <.001) on combination therapy. HDL cholesterol level rose from 30 +/- 5 mg/dL to 36 +/- 7 mg/dL (P <.01), triglyceride level fell from 361 +/- 141 mg/dL to 212 +/- 101 mg/dL (P <.03). The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL fell from 7.6 +/- 1. 7 to 5.3 +/- 1.6 (P <.001). In 104 patients an HMG was begun before gemfibrozil was added. Pretreatment total cholesterol level fell from 246 +/- 54 mg/dL to 192 +/- 40 mg/dL on combination therapy (P <.01). HDL level rose from 33 +/- 9 mg/dL to 38 +/- 9 mg/dL (P <.03) and triglyceride level fell from 314 +/- 183 mg/dL to 183 +/- 93 mg/dL (P <.001). The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL fell from 7.9 +/- 3.6 to 5.2 +/- 1.4 (P <.001). In both groups the lipid profile on combination therapy was significantly better than that obtained on single-agent therapy. One episode of myopathy (0.4%) and one episode of aminotransferase level elevation (0.4%) of greater than 3 times upper limit of normal occurred. Both resolved with cessation of therapy without consequence.
lopid usual dosage
Gemfibrozil treatment lowered plasma triglycerides and both total and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-cholesterol (P < 0.001 for all by ANOVA), whereas high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol increased (P < 0.001). The median serum levels of ubiquinone-10 decreased from 1.30 mumol L-1 (interquartile range 0.87-1.71 mumol L-1) with placebo to 0.76 mumol L-1 (0.66-0.95) with gemfibrozil treatment (P < 0.001). Corresponding levels for alpha- and gamma-tocopherol were: 68.5 mumol L-1 (51.1-84.7) vs. 40.8 mumol L-1 (30.3-55.0) and 8.6 mumol L-1 (5.2-16.7) vs. 4.3 mumol L-1 (3.5-7.0) respectively (P < 0.001 for both). The decrease in serum antioxidants was also evident when standardized for total cholesterol (P < 0.05) or LDL-cholesterol (P < 0.001). Normolipaemic control subjects had significantly lower antioxidant levels than placebo-treated patients: ubiquinone 0.63 mumol L-1 (0.41-1.05), alpha-tocopherol 34.3 mumol L-1 (27.3-45.6) and gamma-tocopherol 3.2 mumol L-1 (2.5-4.2) (P < 0.001 for all). The association of antioxidants with lipoprotein lipids was further established by positive correlations between the levels of antioxidants and those of total cholesterol (r = 0.64, P < 0.001) or total triglycerides (r = 0.71, P < 0.001).
lopid 900 mg
Male Sprague Dawley rats were fed a purified 10 kcal% from fat diet for 56 days and assigned to diet alone (control) or diet plus oral administration of gemfibrozil (34 mg/kg), metformin (500 mg/kg), rosiglitazone (3 mg/kg), taurine (520 mg/kg), or vitamin E (200 mg/kg).
lopid initial dose
In this work, the distribution and the ecotoxicological risk of sixteen pharmaceutically active compounds belonging to seven different therapeutic groups (five anti-inflammatory drugs, two antibiotics, an anti-epileptic drug, a β-blocker, a nervous stimulant, four estrogens and two lipid regulators) have been studied in sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants. Only three of the sixteen pharmaceutical compounds were never detected in sludge while eleven of the studied pharmaceuticals were still detected in compost. Mean concentration levels of the pharmaceutically active compounds ranged between 24.9 and 4105 μg/kg dm, 14.5-944 μg/kg dm, 3.29-636 μg/kg dm and 9.19-974 μg/kg dm in primary, secondary, digested sludge and compost, respectively. An increase in the concentration levels of most of the pharmaceuticals was observed from summer to winter (mean values in primary and secondary sludge were 304 and 85.1 μg/kg dm in summer and 435 and 175 μg/kg dm in winter, respectively) probably due to an increase of their consumption during the coldest season and a reduction of the microbial activity under colder temperatures. The highest ecotoxicological risk, in digested sludge and compost, was due to the estrogenic compound 17β-estradiol. The ecotoxicological risk significantly decreased after the application of digested sludge or compost to the soils (risk quotient values ranged between 0.04 and 252 in digested sludge and 0.002-37.8 in compost and decreased to 8·10(-4)-1.92 in digested sludge-amended soil and 1·10(-4)-0.23 in compost-amended soil).
lopid with alcohol
Post-heparin lipolytic activities and lipidic parameters (cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycérides, Apo B) were studied in 6 human volunteers submitted to gemfibrozil treatment (900 mg once a day) during two months. Though lipidic parameters were not modified after treatment, gemfibrozil increased the LPL and HL plasmatic activities measured 10 minutes after heparin injection.
lopid max dose
Drug-drug interactions causing severe hypoglycemia due to antidiabetic drugs is a major clinical and public health problem. We assessed whether sulfonylurea use with a statin or fibrate was associated with severe hypoglycemia. We conducted cohort studies of users of glyburide, glipizide, and glimepiride plus a statin or fibrate within a Medicaid population. The outcome was a validated, diagnosis-based algorithm for severe hypoglycemia. Among 592,872 persons newly exposed to a sulfonylurea+antihyperlipidemic, the incidence of severe hypoglycemia was 5.8/100 person-years. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for sulfonylurea+statins were consistent with no association. Most overall HRs for sulfonylurea+fibrate were elevated, with sulfonylurea-specific adjusted HRs as large as 1.50 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.24-1.81) for glyburide+gemfibrozil, 1.37 (95% CI: 1.11-1.69) for glipizide+gemfibrozil, and 1.63 (95% CI: 1.29-2.06) for glimepiride+fenofibrate. Concomitant therapy with a sulfonylurea and fibrate is associated with an often delayed increased rate of severe hypoglycemia.
lopid brand name
Rosuvastatin was safe and effective for treating dyslipidemia in HAART-treated HIV-infected patients. Results were similar to those observed in the HIV-uninfected population.
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