Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
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Tamsulosin, 0.4 mg once daily, is well tolerated and has no overall negative impact on sexual function compared with placebo or alfuzosin. Compared with placebo, tamsulosin may even improve sexual function.
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The 28 new therapeutic agents marketed in the United States during 2003 are reviewed in this article: adalimumab, agalsidase beta, alefacept, alfuzosin hydrochloride, aprepitant, atazanavir sulfate, atomoxetine hydrochloride, bortezomib, daptomycin, efalizumab, eletriptan hydrobromide, emtricitabine, enfuvirtide, eplerenone, gefitinib, icodextrin, laronidase, memantine hydrochloride, mequinol/tretinoin, miglustat, nitazoxanide, omalizumab, palonosetron hydrochloride, pegvisomant, rosuvastatin calcium, tadalafil, tositumomab and iodine I 131 tositumomab, and vardenafil hydrochloride. Indications and information on dosage and administration for these agents are reviewed, as are the most important pharmacokinetic properties, adverse events, drug interactions, and other precautions. Practical considerations for the use of the new agents are also discussed. When possible, the properties of the new drugs are compared with those of older drugs marketed for the same indications.
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All original research articles available in the English language were identified from the data sources. Primary literature evaluating outcomes related to urinary dysfunction and associated symptoms in women were included in this review. Articles describing the use of α-adrenergic blockers in other medical conditions or in men were excluded.
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To assess the 2-year efficacy and safety of alfuzosin 10 mg once daily, a selective alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist, in men complaining of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), in 'real life' practice.
The amplitude and AUC of the SVP were significantly decreased by both doses of tamsulosin, and marginally decreased by the same doses of alfuzosin. The amplitude of the BNP was significantly decreased by 3 and 10 micrograms/kg of tamsulosin and 10 micrograms/kg alfuzosin, and marginally decreased by 3 micrograms/kg alfuzosin. The AUC of the BNP was significantly decreased by both doses of tamsulosin, but barely affected by alfuzosin at the same doses.
This prospective study confirms the long-term safety of use of alfuzosin under routine general practice conditions and emphasizes the need to measure HRQL in the context of the patient's opinion.
Tertiary care hospital, Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada.
By the author.
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We have assessed the kinetics of drug release in relation to the full or partial hydration and swelling of matrices under standard and modified United States Pharmacopeia (USP) apparatus II using a novel index, defined as the symmetrical shape factor. The symmetrical shape factor describes the regularity of the hydration rate of the matrix perimeter relative to its central regions.
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At 3 months, there were 79 patients who were categorized as having obtained a therapeutic response: IPSS decreased to 7.6 +/- 3.2 and Qmax increased to 11.3 +/- 2.9 mL/s. After randomization, IPSS was 7.1 +/- 2.9 and 6.5 +/- 2.5 for group 1; 6.5 +/- 3.2 and 6.7 +/- 2.1 for group 2; and 11.4 +/- 4.8 and 12.3 +/- 4.9 for group 3 at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Qmax was 12.7 +/- 4.8 and 11.7 +/- 5.2 mL/s for group 1; 12.2 +/- 3.9 and 11.9 +/- 3.7 mL/s for group 2; and 9.7 +/- 2.5 and 9.3 +/- 2.1 mL/s for group 3 at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Global satisfaction at 6 months was the same for groups 1 and 2. There were no differences in adverse events among the three groups.
Recently, in the Ribeirao Preto area, Sao Paulo, Brazil, the IPSS (International Prostatic Symptoms Score) and quality of life were verified in 934 volunteers. It was determined the percentage of individuals with ages ranging from 40 to 79 years with moderate symptoms (score 8-19) and with severe symptoms (score 20-35), values for which are indicated medical and surgical treatment, respectively, according to the Brazilian Society of Urology consensus on BPH. Data on Brazilian population in that age range were obtained from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics referent to the year of 2000. It was determined the number of patients, according to the criteria above, subjected to either one of the treatments mentioned. Surgical costs of prostate transurethral resection were researched according to Unified Health System - SUS tables (173 US dollars) and of Brazilian Medical Society - AMB with a mean cost in 3 hospitals of 933 US dollars. Drug costs were calculated by the annual mean price (355 US dollars) of 4 alpha-blockers (tamsulosin, alfuzosin, doxazosin and terazosin).
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In all, 4571 cases and an equal number of controls were identified. Current use of alpha-blockers (prazosin, doxazosin, indoramin, terazosin, alfuzosin and tamsulosin) was compared with non-use of alpha-blockers. Current use of alpha-blockers on the index date was associated with an increased risk of hip/femur fracture [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-3.0] in the overall analysis. The effect was particularly strong for first prescriptions within a treatment episode (adjusted OR 5.1, 95% CI: 1.0-31.7) and during the first month of treatment (adjusted OR 4.1, 95% CI: 0.7-23.9). Stratification according to indication of use showed that current use of alpha-blockers was not associated with hip/femur fracture in men with a diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (adjusted OR 1.0, 95% CI: 0.4-2.5), but was associated in men who used alpha-blockers for cardiovascular disease (adjusted OR 2.8, 95% CI: 1.4-5.4).
Improvement of IPSS was significant with the three treatments but greatest with the combination (-24.1%) compared with alfuzosin (-15.6%) and sildenafil (-11.8%) [corrected] alone (p<0.03). Frequency, nocturia, PVR, and Qmax were significantly improved with alfuzosin only and the combination. Improvement in IIEF was slight with alfuzosin (16.7%), marked with sildenafil (49.7%), and greatest with the combination (58.6%). Likewise, increases in the frequency of penetration (Q3) and of maintained erection (Q4) were greater with the combination therapy (65.2% and 68.2%, respectively) than with sildenafil (41.7% and 59.1%, respectively) and alfuzosin (27.3% and 33.3%, respectively) alone. All three treatments were well tolerated.
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In order to assess the efficacy and safety of alfuzosin, an alpha-1 blocker, in symptomatic patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 131 patients who had completed a 6-month placebo-controlled trial conducted on parallel groups entered a 12-month open study; 122 patients were treated with alfuzosin for 12 months and 56 patients for 18 months. After 12 months, all obstructive and irritative symptoms assessed according to the Boyarsky scale were significantly improved, as were peak flow rates in obstructed patients and mean flow rates and residual urine in the whole population. Voiding symptoms showed sustained improvement after treatment for 12 to 18 months. Only 5.3% of patients experienced vasodilatory side effects, none of which led to withdrawal from the study. No side effect related to long-term administration was reported. Alfuzosin has a beneficial effect on voiding symptoms in patients with BPH and can be safely used in long-term administration.
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A standardized ambulatory care program for managing male patients presenting with AUR was established in October 2007. Prospective data collected in 194 ambulatory patients from January to December 2008 were compared to a historical cohort of 168 patients who were managed by in-patient care from October 2006 to September 2007 for their clinical and economic outcomes.
An international non-systematic literature review was performed. It included randomized trials of seven drugs of interest and the summaries of the characteristics of these products. This work did not aim comparison between the drugs.
In this study, silodosin suppressed both mouse and hamster ureteral contractions more potently than doxazosin, terazosin, or alfuzosin. Hence, this alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist warrants further study as a potentially very useful medication for stone passage in urolithiasis patients.
Two review authors independently examined all the citations and abstracts derived from the search strategy. Any disagreement about trial selection and inclusion was resolved by discussion. A third independent judgement was sought where disagreement persisted. Two review authors extracted independently, cross-checked and processed the data as described in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Intervention. Quality of evidence of the critical outcomes was assessed by adopting the GRADE approach.
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Enlargement of the prostate is common among aging men, with an incidence of 90% by the age of 85 years. It is a progressive condition, with growth in prostate size accompanied by lower urinary tract symptoms that can result in long-term complications (eg, acute urinary retention [AUR], need for enlarged prostate-related surgery). Current pharmacologic treatment options include alpha-blockers (alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, and terazosin) and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) (finasteride and dutasteride).
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Both finasteride and dutasteride reduced PSA and prostate volume significantly. The comparison between groups showed a more significant reduction of PSA (p=0.020) and prostate volume (p=0.052) in the dutasteride group. Other parameters did not differ significantly between the groups.
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The included studies were randomized controlled trials involving men with symptomatic BPH treated with alfuzosin versus placebo or active control for at least 4 weeks.
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Alpha-blockers are the most widely used agents to treat lower urinary tract symptoms in males, and switching between alpha-blockers is a frequent management option when the desired effect could not be obtained. There is no data in the literature that reveal the outcome of treatments with different alpha-blockers within the same patient. We sought the answer to this question in a setting where the same individuals were treated with two different agents during different time frames.
Successful TWOC was recorded in 61.9% of the 236 patients treated with alfuzosin vs 47.9% of the 121 receiving placebo (p = 0.012). Elderly patients (65 years or older) and patients with a drained volume of 1000 ml or greater had significantly greater chances of TWOC failure (success vs failure OR 0.309, 95% CI 1.182 to 0.514 and OR 0.361, 95% CI 0.225 to 0.571, respectively). Nevertheless, even in the presence of these 2 factors 10 mg alfuzosin once daily almost doubled the likelihood of successful TWOC (OR 1.98, 95% CI 1,226 to 3,217). Alfuzosin (10 mg) once daily was well tolerated.
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